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Stamping out America's love for tea: A 1772 to future


Bushwa777

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So i will be doing a solo 1772 to future playtest.   My goal is to have 9 factions strictly cpu meaning I will follow ideology lobbies. The other one, which will rotate depending on era, will mostly follow ideology but also historical meaning in 1800 for instance if I control Jefferson he will run for President but may not win 

I will appreciate your comments as i do this but try to keep them on task.  

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Day 1

Ok I am beginning the initial draft in 1772. 

I will be having the following be strictly CPU and sticking to ideology: Blue 2-5, Red 1-5.  

Blue 1 will be following ideology and history as much as possible.  

Some famous people in the Factions: 

Blue 1: Samuel Adams, Thomas Paine, Thomas Sumter 

Blue 2: George Clinton, John Hancock, Francis Lightfoot Lee

Blue 3: John Dickinson, Ethan Allen, Josiah Bartlett

Blue 4: Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, Horatio Gates

Blue 5: Thomas Jefferson, George Mason, Francis Marion

Red 1: Arthur Lee, Charles Wilson Peale, Lyman Hall

Red 2: Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, James Wilson

Red 3: George Washington, Ceaser Rodney, James Duane

Red 4: John Adams, Philip Schyler, John Langdon

Red 5: Benedict Arnold, Samuel Chase, Francis Dana 

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1772-1774 Summary: 

The winds of change are blowing in the colonies.  Among the important events occurring at this time are we have the forming of factions.  The Blue Party sees: The Sons of Liberty (LW) are led by Samuel Adams, the Moderate Patriots are led by John Hancock, the Hart Patriots are led by John Hart, the Patriots (cons) are led by Richard Henry Lee, and the Sons of Liberty (RW) are led by Thomas Jefferson.  The Red Party sees: the American Whigs (lib) led by George Wythe, the Franklin Patriots led by Benjamin Franklin, the Washington Patriots led by George Washington, the Adams Patriots led by John Adams and the Patriots (Trad) led by Henry Laurens. 

No matter how the British were trying to work with their colonies it was not going to happen. In what becomes known as the Gaspee Affair a group of Rhode Islanders, led by Abraham Whipple and John Brown, burn down a grounded British customs ship that had been enforcing the Navigation Act. These acts and taxation are unjust but such violence will only inflame a response and many fear the British were coming with military might. 

Samuel Adams, Joseph Warren, and Mercy Otis Warren of Massachusetts set up a Committee of Correspondence in response to the Gaspee Affair to coordinate colonial opposition to the British Parliament and advocate colonial rights. Similar committees began to spring up elsewhere. We can only hope that such committees will be constructive and harmonizing although I doubt it. 

In an effort to help the British East India Company, the British Parliament enacted a Tea Act, which hurt the port-city merchants in the American Colonies. Furthermore, those desiring representation in Parliament see this as yet another list of unjust taxation. This does not bode well. Parliament must be tone deaf! Taxation on Sugar, Stamps, and now tea? We don't even get a voice to object or accept this taxation!

The Sons of Liberty (LW)  led by Samuel Adams, board a merchant ship and dump the entire cargo of British East India tea into Boston harbor. Such marvelous boldness! It's difficult to know if this action by the Sons of Liberty will have been reckless or righteous. We can expect consequences by His Majesty King George III and his Parliament.

While all this was going on, Benjamin Franklin came back to the colonies having spent many years in both London and Paris.  He is now the most recognized name in the colonies with his inventions, scientific experiments, and publications making his name almost immortal.  

Because of the continued harassment by the British it was decided to call the First Continental Congress to meet in the spring of 1774 in the city of Philadelphia.  The people voted for whom they wanted to see in this congress and they are: 

CT-Roger Sherman and Samuel Huntington

DE-Gunning Bedford Jr

GA-James Armstrong and John Milton

MA-Benjamin Lincoln and Artemus Ward and Samuel Adams

MD-Charles Carroll of Carrollton and Benjamin Stoddert

NC-Richard Caswell and John Sevier

NH-Samuel Livermore and John Langdon

NJ-Francis Hopkinson and John Hart

NY-John Jay and Lewis Morris

PA-Benjamin Chew and Robert Morris and Benjamin Franklin

RI-William Bradford

SC-Henry Middleton and Henry Laurens

VA-Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson and George Wythe

 

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1774-1776 Summary: 

The Continental Congress met in the spring of 1774 and after 3 rounds elected Henry Laurens as its President.  Laurens choose Lewis Morris as Domestic Chair, William Bradford as Foreign/Military Chair, Henry Middleton as Economic Chair, and Roger Sherman as Judicial Chair.  

interesting events that happened in 1774 include Philip Livingston being caught smuggling and although being found innocent in a court trial is now controversial.  Because the British have been patrolling off the American coast and that has resulted in trade tensions with France.  James Warren was heard at a party stating that the colonies should be independent and was loudly booed and is now controversial.  

Other events that have occurred during this era was that Carl Linnaeus, the world-famous Swedish naturalist, has proclaimed that John Bartram, who has recently moved to South Carolina, is the greatest natural botanist in the world.  

When the Continental Congress met again in the Fall of 1774 and their first order of business was to support a Declaration of Resolves to object to the recently passed Intolerable Acts and to outline a Colonial Bill of Rights.  However, President Laurens stated that the Intolerable Acts were mostly focused on Massachusetts and so there was no need to provoke the British more and the declaration of resolves was tabled.  While the news was spreading around the colonies it was followed by news that the first published poet of African descent, Phillis Wheatly had died.  She was born in West Africa and sold as a slave but eventually emancipated.  Her writings had been praised by several of the Continental Congress members who asked that a day of mourning be observed which was agreed to by President Laurens.  Shortly after the Congress met again news arrived that French chemist Antonie Lavoisier had defined and proved the existence of oxygen and some are calling this one of the greatest discoveries of all time, certainly politicians who now have a reason to make long speeches. 

In the spring of 1775, the Continental Congress was shocked by hearing that British troops had been miraculously repulsed by volunteer American colonists known as minutemen at Lexington and Concord.  These minutemen had been alerted by the daring rides of Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott and war is now declared between the colonies and Great Britain.  Henry Laurens quickly changed his tune and called a special session of Congress which voted unanimously for a Continental Army and Navy. The Congress then voted in as Senior General Horatio Gates who appointed as his other Generals William Moultrie, Arthur St. Clair, Israel Putnam, and George Washington.  The Congress voted Esek Hopkins in as Senior Admiral and he appointed as his other Admirals John Paul Jones and John Barry.

That summer, news arrived that King George III announced a formal rebellion within His Empire.  Royal officials have been ordered to rebuff the rebellion and to punish those involved in partaking in the rebellion. When this proclamation was read out to Congress, President Laurens rose and stated, “We could care less! Damn King George III. Let’s show him how we really feel!”  This statement was cheered by everyone. Finally, just before Congress went into recess for the fall, news arrived that Tadeusz Kosciuszko of Poland has arrived and offered to train the new Continental Army.  This offer was accepted but he will not be given the rank of General at this time, at least until he has proven his worth.

In the fall of 1775, Congress met to discuss laws that they wanted to vote on and pass. Artemus Ward proposed inviting Canada to join the Revolution, Charles Carroll of Carrollton proposed that a law be passed to protect and encourage the tobacco trade between the colonies, Benjamin Franklin proposed that the colonies seek alliance with anti-British native tribes, Patrick Henry proposed that a framework be created to punish British loyalists and Thomas Jefferson proposed that British goods be boycotted.  

The proposal to invite Canada to join Revolution failed in Committee and the proposal to create a framework to punish British loyalists failed in Congress after passing originally but being orated against by Franklin and Henry. 

 

Meanwhile in the Revolutionary War, the Naval Battle of Block Island was led by Admiral John Paul Jones and resulted in a victory by the Americans.  This allowed Senior General Horatio Gates to march the Continental Army to Monmouth where he fought the British and lost a close battle.  He was blamed for the loss by Congress and fired.  Congress then promoted George Washington to Senior General and replaced the vacant position with Daniel Morgan.  

When it came time to choose new members for the 2nd Continental Congress most people remained but William Williams replaced Roger Sherman, Jonathan Trumbell Sr replaced Samuel Huntington, Francis Dana replaced Benjamin Lincoln, Robert Treat Paine replaced Artemus Ward, Timothy Bloodsworth replaced John Sevier,  Jonathan Elmer replaced Francis Hopkinson and James Wilson replaced Benjamin Chew. 

 

 

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1776-1778 summery: 

The 1776 draft included such notables as James Madison who went to Blue 1, Isaac Shelby who went to Blue 2, Pierpont Edwards who went to Blue 3, Levi Lincoln Sr who went to Blue 4, Henry Dearborn who went to Blue 5, Edward Rutledge and Nicholas Biddle who went to Red 5, Josiah Parker who went to Red 4, Frederick Muhlenberg who went to Red 3, Stephen Girard who went to Red 2 and both Thomas Pinckney and Henry Knox who went to Red 1.  

Henry Middleton was chosen as the new President of Congress again after 3 rounds.  He kept Lewis Morris as Domestic Chair and William Bradford as Foreign/Military.  Middleton placed Laurens as his new Economic Chair and he put William Williams as Judicial Chair. 

George Wythe was removed as faction leader of Red 1 and replaced by Samuel Livermore.   He changes his faction name to Livermore Patriots. Benjamin Franklin has lost charisma. John Adams has iron fist and is manipulative. Henry Laurens is now predictable. John Hancock has iron fist. John Hart is now an everyman. Richard Henry Lee is now an expansionist and is now disharmonious. 

Thomas Collins dies of dysentery while serving his country. Nathaniel Greene died of smallpox while serving his country.  Meshech Weare is retiring due to his personal health.  John Hart announced he will retire from politics in 1778 as he is disillusioned with politics. 

William Moultrie, busy serving in the continental army, has seen many men from around the colonies and has come to the realization that the only way to win is to come together or as he says, “if we do not hang together, we will surely hang separately.”  He is becoming known as someone who is harmonious.

Despite being at war with Great Britain, the American colonies are still refusing to trade with France, and this has caused them to start to become hostile to the colonies. As Senior General, George Washington is becoming known for his military strategy, innovations, and theories and is starting to get the British mad as he refuses to face them in a set battle, until he is ready.  

English Historian Edward Gibbon publishes a titanic study on the collapse of the Roman Empire. We only hope that a future historian will not have to write the same sort of book about us. News has arrived of a performance of a new musical entitled Messiah by Handel.  While we may be at war with the British it must be said that their music is not that bad.  Thomas Penn, the Proprietor of Pennsylvania has announced, to no one’s surprise, that he is taking the side of the British in the war, since he lives in Great Britain that kind of makes sense. 

Word has begun to spread that the British parliament has issued what they call the Conciliatory Resolution to the colonial governments trying to end the war before more blood is spilled.  But they have bypassed the Continental Congress in order to do so since they state that our Congress is an illegal government institution.  It is clear that they wish to divide the colonies yet at the same time not relax the various taxes we have borne over the last 10+ years.  President of Congress Henry Middleton has announced that too much blood has been shed and it is too late.  The governments of the colonies all have been asked to reject this and in one voice they have.

Congress has been informed that the Earl of Dunmore, the royal Governor of Virginia, has proclaimed martial law and stated that any slave that joins the British Army will be freed.  It is assumed that other royal governors with large slave populations may do the same.  Despite a minority of delegates hoping that President Middleton will use this as an excuse to denounce slavery or maybe even have the slave states deal with the matter themselves, since he is a slave owner he announces that, “We are in a common war with the British.  Since I wish us to be united, we should all come together and encourage the states that have slaves that flee to British lines to go after them and have the slaves executed to discourage such action.” 

George Mason of Virginia has crafted a Declaration of Rights for the people of Virginia.  Among these rights is the right to reform or abolish inadequate government and that is particularly interesting. President Middleton has announced that the sentiments of Virginia, should be the sentiments of all the colonies.

In Congress, laws that were considered were Banning the British pound as legal currency, giving a declaration of causes, and banning trade with Canada.  Banning trade and banning the British pound failed in committee and a declaration of causes failed on the floor. Other laws however were passed including authorizing privateers to fight the British Navy, setting up a system for POW exchange with the British and Thomas Jefferson proposing a resolution that the colonies should seek independence.  

After the latter was passed, President Middleton formed a special committee to write a Declaration of Independence.  The committee was made up of Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Adams, Benjamin Stoddert and John Jay.  Jefferson wrote most of the document and the committee approved it then offered it to the Continental Congress which passed it unanimously after some vote switches.  This made Jefferson a celebrity. 

In the Revolution the 2nd Battle of Monmouth was another loss and Senior General George Washington gained incompetence and was fired.  He was replaced by William Moultrie as senior general and Benedict Arnold replaced Moultrie.  

The first governor elections saw among other interesting matchups: Ceaser Rodney win Delaware, Benjamin Lincoln win Massachusetts, George Clinton win New York, Benjamin Franklin win Pennsylvania, and George Wythe win Virginia.  

The governors then picked who they wanted for the new session of the Continental Congress and among others John Adams, George Washington and Roger Sherman will be among the new delegates.  

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1778-1780 Summery:

Henry Middleton was given a 2nd term as President of Congress after 3 rounds of voting.  John Adams came very close during the 2nd round but could not get over the hump.  Middleton kept Lewis Morris as his Domestic Chair but then crossed "party" lines and choose Gunning Bedford Jr as his foreign/military chair, Thomas Jefferson as his economic chair, and Samuel Adams as his Judicial Chair. 

Samuel Livermore changed his faction name to the moderate patriots as he took on an iron fist.  Benjamin Franklin found that he had lost his oratory skills, perhaps due to age.  George Washington stepped down as faction leader and was replaced by John Jay who changed the name of the faction to Jay's Patriots and he is now a kingmaker.  Henry Laurens was replaced by Benjamin Lincoln as faction leader and that faction is now called the Patriot (cons).  Lincoln also has learned how to debate.  John Hancock has managed to become both an egghead and incoherent at the same time (perhaps all that knowledge is making him unable to speak about it), John Dickinson replaced the retired John Hart and changed the name to the Dickinson Patriots.  Richard Henry Lee changed his faction name to Lee's Patriots and Thomas Jefferson has decided it was much better to be passive instead of having an iron fist. 

Matthew Thornton dies of pneumonia, Francis Lewis retires as he is disillusioned with politics, Eliphalet Dyer dies of the plague, George Taylor retires as he is disillusioned with politics, Philip Livingston retires due to family reasons (he actually died in OTL in 1778).

Continental Congress Delegate John Sevier was approached by some loyalists in Philadelphia and offered a bribe to change sides.  However, in a den of corrupt men, he choose to shine forth as a beacon of integrity.  There has been rumors from younger officers that General Benedict Arnold has been promoted to a level he is not equipped to handle.  He showed he was great at managing a smaller unit of troops, but large battlefield command might be beyond his capability.  President Middleton has decided to replace him with Artemas Ward.  Jeremiah van Rennselaer is showing signs that he could be a great future governor of New York. 

As Congress is about ready to go out onto recess for the summer, due to the heat, a motion was passed to select delegates to draft an Articles of Confederation to secure an organized union of our newly independent states.  President Middleton thought about this motion and then declared, “This confederacy shall be henceforth known as The United States of America and this union shall be perpetual.”  From now on, per the new Articles,  Congress will be allowed to request money from the states, no one in Congress will be allowed to serve a consecutive term, and 2/3 or 9 states (currently) to pass bills as well as all 13 states for amendments.  

Then only hours before Congress was due to go into recces, a messenger arrived from Senior General William Moultrie informing Congress that one of our spies named Nathan Hale has managed to elude his captors with plans that could help with our army when we go out into campaign this summer.

Maryland has announced that a new law their legislature has passed will be that the governor cannot serve more than 4 years for life or 2 terms. We will see if Governor Smallwood will put up with this from the people or try to get it overturned.

 Scottish economist Adam Smith has released a groundbreaking on national economic productivity, labor, and free markets entitled “The Wealth of Nations”.  The book is being praised by most that read it.

 God love the United Provinces!  We have been recognized!  We must establish official relations with them immediately to strengthen our ties.  We can expect recognition from other countries in the near future.  President Middleton shouted when he heard that this would open the floodgates and money should soon pour into the new country, if only we can win that pesky little war! 

Interesting Governor Actions this turn included: Governor John Milton passed a law for two year, 2 term governor for life in Georgia, Governor William Livingston has passed a law to punish Tories in New Jersey by confiscating their property, Governor Benjamin Franklin passed a law for 1 2-year term for life in Pennsylvania, and Governor Benjamin Lincoln has passed a law to punish Tories in Massachusetts by confiscating their property.

Congress passed and President Middleton signed the following acts: Morris Act: Adopt a National Flag, Sherman-Elmer Act: Request loans from the United Provinces AND Request troops for the Continental military forces, and Samuel Adams Act: Create framework to punish British loyalists.

In the Revolutionary War, the United States lost the Battle of Brandywine and their capital for a time but managed to win the Battle of Bunker Hill when the British tried to take Boston.  The war will continue however. 

Governor Election interesting results:  Caesar Rodney, John Langdon, Benjamin Lincoln, George Clinton, George Ross (1st term), George Wythe. 

Confederation Congress Delegate interesting choices: Archibald Bulloch, James Bowdoin, John Langdon, James Clinton (brother of George Clinton), Christopher Gadsden, Henry Laurens, George Washington, Henry Lee II, and Arthur Lee.   

 

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1780-1782 Summary:

3rd draft has occurred.  Among the interesting people picked included Governor Morris and John McHenry for Red 1, Joseph Harmar for Red 2, Edmund Randolph, Nathan Hale, and John Laurens for Red 3, John Marshall and Benjamin Talmadge for Red 4, Rufus King and John Parke Curtis for Red 5, James Gunn for Blue 1, William Eustis for Blue 2, George Rogers Clarke for Blue 3, John Taylor for Blue 4, and both Gabriel Duvall and Wade Hampton I for Blue 5. 

Pierce Butler was flipped from Red 5 to Blue 5 which ended up breaking his kingmaker relationship and George Rogers Clark was converted to Blue 2. 

Henry Laurens won a very close election against George Washington to become President of Confederation Congress.  He picked John Langdon for his domestic chair, Benjamin Chew for his economic chair, George Washington for his Judicial chair and Robert Morris for his Foreign/Military Chair.  

Faction Leader Samuel Adams lost charisma, John Dickinson was overthrown as Blue 3 faction leader and replaced by Samuel Ashe who changed the name to Ashe Patriots and Ashe lost obscure but gained command and leg, John Jay earned leadership and Benjamin Lincoln earned leadership and command. 

Retirements and Deaths: Senior Admiral Esek Hopkins has decided to retire for family reasons.  He is replaced as Senior Admiral by John Barry.  Barry is replaced as Admiral by Abraham Whipple.  James Smith has been pressured out of his faction allegedly.  Benjamin Bourne, who has just been drafted into politics and was looking forward to a long career as a judge, dies after falling off his horse!  Abner Nash has died of tuberculosis.  John Bartram has retired satisfied with the work he has done.  Governor and Confederation Congress Delegate Matthew Griswold will retire in 1780 to become a lobbyist for Big Agriculture.  Edmund Trowbridge dies of typhoid. Confederation Congress Delegate Christopher Gadsden dies after falling down his stairs in the middle of the night.  Governor Guerard has replaced him with Alexander Gillion.  Horatio Gates has died of typhoid.

Confederation Congress Delegate Richard Bassett has earned integrity after he kept other delegates from talking in the local tavern about issues in front of congress in case there were British spies in the area.  William Williams had a meeting with Benjamin Franklin and reacted poorly due to some constructive criticism and is now known as disharmonious.  Admiral John Paul Jones is starting to think of a career after the war, perhaps politics as he gains command.  General Daniel Morgan has been spending his down time studying military strategy, innovations, and theory (+1 Military).  Faction leader John Jay is also starting to think beyond the war and planning to stay in politics it seems (+1 Command).   Confederation Congress Delegate Abraham Clark has been overheard talking about how the country needs a federal government and is now considered controversial. 

 Daniel Boone has become a folk hero for his many years as a pioneer exploring lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.  A new book has come out chronicling his many exploits and is a top seller. Scottish-inventor James Watt’s Steam Engine has become a central piece to the Industrial Revolution, which is likely to spread to our new country. Although it has been a long time coming, William Franklin, the bastard son of Benjamin Franklin, has decided to join the cause of the United States! The paintings of George Romney are becoming extremely fashionable among the elite in England. An enthusiastic 23-year-old nobleman named Marquis de Lafayette has arrived to volunteer for the Continental Army.  Senior General William Moultrie has let it be known he is not sure what he can do for us but at least he will inspire French support for the cause. Word has arrived that British general Sir Henry Clinton has issued a proclamation from just north of New York City calling for slaves to escape their masters and join the British Army.  He promises protection, freedom, and land for those that do so! Reports are coming that hundreds, if not thousands, of slaves have begun to desert their masters all over our new country!  Showing us that they do not intend to back down anytime soon, Parliament has passed several new acts that are restraining trade in Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Delaware, and New Jersey.  President Laurens has made a speech that says, “We expect nothing less from Parliament!”

Interesting Governor Actions: George Wythe, George Ross and Benjamin Lincoln are all encouraging privateers and blockade running. 

Laws passed this session of the Confederation Congress

Morris Act: Establish Bank of the United States as a temporary central bank and request war funding from the states.

Lee-Collins Act: Request troops for the Continental Military Forces and create minister to France.

The Confederation Congress then named Benjamin Franklin as the new Minister to France.  

The Third Battle of Monmouth was won by the American Army led by Senior General William Moultrie who is now known as a military leader and is no longer obscure.  This was followed by an American victory at Springfield by General Daniel Morgan who now is also a military leader and has gained +1 Military.  

All these victories led to Great Britain suing for peace with the United States.  The Confederation Congress named Thomas Jefferson as Special Envoy of the Confederation Congress to Great Britain who was sent to Paris with Robert Morris and they met up with Minister to France Benjamin Franklin.  The three men negotiated the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain which was voted on in October 1781 by the Congress and passed 13-0.  After this the Continental Army and Navy was disbanded but William Moultrie and John Barry were kept on as Senior General and Senior Admiral. 

Interesting results Governor Elections: Jonathan Trumbull Sr beats his son to become Governor of Connecticut, John Adams beats Benjamin Lincoln for the Red nomination and then beats his cousin Samuel Adams to become Governor. John Langdon wins another term as governor of New Hampshire, George Clinton loses his nomination for another term as Governor of New York and the new governor of Robert Yates, Thomas Jefferson beats George Wythe to become Governor of Virginia

Interesting Confederation Delegates:  Roger Sherman and Samuel Huntington appointed for CT. George Read appointed from DE.  George Cabot and Benjamin Lincoln among the 3 for MA. William Whipple one of the ones chosen for New Hampshire.  John Witherspoon among those chosen for NJ.  Charles Wilson Peale one of the 3 chosen for PA.  Peyton Randolph (who lives in RI and is still alive in playtest) chosen for RI.  Francis Lightfoot Lee, Richard Henry Lee, and George Mason chosen for VA. 

 

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1782-1784 Summary

Alexander Martin flipped from Red 5 to Blue 4 and Governor Richard Casewell moved from Blue 2 to Blue 3.

Samuel Huntington takes on a new protégé in Urah Tracy. Tracy is now an expert in environment, is an expansionist, is provincial, +1 Command and +1 Gov.

Benjamin Lincoln was chosen as President of the Confederation Congress on the 2nd round by unanimous vote. He picks Richard Henry Lee for Domestic Chair, Roger Sherman for Foreign/Military Chair, Hugh Williamson for Economic Chair, and Samuel Huntington for Judicial Chair.

Samuel Adams is learning administration (+1 Admin), John Hancock, despite never getting the chance so far of being governor, still is studying how to be a good governor for a future chance (+1 Gov) but he is also becoming very scripted and wooden earning uncharismatic.  Samuel Ashe is becoming very hands off as a faction leader earning passive and despite his age Benjamin Franklin has taken up the study of law earning an expertise in justice at the same time losing his ability of debating and is becoming incoherent and passive. John Jay is showing that he has a future in politics earning +1 in Command,  Benjamin Lincoln has lost his ability of debating and is becoming incoherent when speaking.

Roger Sherman has announced he will reappoint Benjamin Franklin as Minister to France.

James Linn dies in a house fire, John Hanson is retiring to become a private tutor, Roger Sherman dies after falling out of his bed and hitting his head on a table.  The Governor of Connecticut decides to leave the spot open.  Francis Lightfoot Lee is made chair of Foreign/Military by President of Congress Benjamin Lincoln. Benjamin Chew retires to become a judge in Pennsylvania. John Thomas dies of tuberculosis.  Nicholas Cooke is retiring to allow a new generation to enter politics. Israel Putnam does of malaria. Jared Ingersoll Sr dies of unknown causes.

George Logan, who is currently working for the state of Pennsylvania has shown that he is efficient in his work. 

Our new nation is starting to have trouble with Spain as we are trying to trade with their colonies down in South America. 

Samuel Adams is showing signs that he will be a good leader in a future government earning +1 in Command and Richard Bassett is also showing the same.

William Maclay while speaking in the Confederation Congress suggests that slavery should be abolished in the country earning controversial. 

William Moultrie, our victorious Commander in chief, has announced he is humbling resigning as Senior General.  This eagerness to give up power makes us want to give him more power; perhaps one day we will. Daniel Morgan was proposed by Foreign/Military Chair Francis Lightfoot Lee and Congress approved this without a nay vote. 

Samuel Johnson, well known for creating the first significant English language dictionary all by himself, is now rightly regarded as the greatest literary critic of our time, especially in England. 

Although only having recently arrived in the United States where he became a hero at both the Third Battle of Monmouth and the Battle of Springfield, the Marquis de Lafayette has decided to return to France hoping to become a hero in his own country. 

One of his first acts as Governor was for Thomas Jefferson to declare Religious Freedom in his state!

State of the Union: The US is in an domestic, military prep, and revenue-budget crisis.  

Benjamin Guerard of South Carolina is encouraging settlement on the remaining native American land in the state, Richard Casewell of North Carolina is improving plantations in the state, Thomas Johnson of Maryland has passed a law allowing for a governor to run again for office after 1 term out of office, William Livingston of New Jersey has improve finance in the state making it one of the leaders in finance in the nation, Governor Johnthan Trumbull Sr of Connecticut has passed a law for two term limits of two years each, Caeser Rodney of Delaware has passed a law for a 4 year term as Governor, Thomas Wharton Jr of Pennsylvania did the same although for that latter state you still can only serve 1 term, and finally Governor John Langdon of New Hampshire passed a law for a 2 year 2 term limit for life. 

Laws Passed this Term: Lincoln Confederation Cabinet Act and Whipple Postage Rate Act

New Cabinet/non-cabinet Members: 

Secretary of State: Robert Treat Paine

Secretary of War: Robert Morris 

Secretary of the Treasury: Charles Carroll of Carrollton

Postmaster General: Henry Laurens

For Governor Elections those who could run stayed in without much if any opposition.  New York voted in John Jay as their new governor after Robert Yates was defeated in the Blue “convention”.  Benjamin Guerard was defeated as South Carolina Governor by war hero William Moultrie.

Among Confederation Congress Delegations chosen were Silas Deane for one of Connecticut’s, Thomas McKean for Delaware, Lyman Hall for one of Georgia’s, Alexander Martin and Faction Leader Samuel Ashe for North Carolina, Faction Leader Samuel Livermore and John Langdon for North Carolina, Issac Roosevelt I and Philip Schuyler for New York, Thomas Sumter and Benjamin Guerard for South Carolina, Patrick Henry as one of 3 Virginia Delegates.

 

 

 

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1784 Draft Interesting Picks:

B1: Aaron Burr and Nathaniel Macon

B2: James Wilkinson and Alexander Woolcott

B3: James Monroe

B4: Robert Smith

B5: Joseph McMinn

R1: Alexander Hamilton

R2: Jeremiah Smith and William Plummer

R3: Fisher Ames

R4: Charles Pickney and Noah Webster

R5: Philip Barton Key

 

Interesting Career Track moves: 

B1: James Madison comes off of State Leg Track after 8 years with +1 Leg, expertise in media and a propogandist. Nathanial Macon enters State Leg Track, Aaron Burr enters State Admin Track and Nathaniel Macon enters State Leg Track.

B2: Daniel Heister comes off state judicial track after 12 years with +2 Judicial.  James Wilkinson enters Military Track and Alexander Woolcott enters State Judicial Track.

B3: Henry Southard comes off private track after 12 years with +2 Admin and expertise in healthcare. John Patton comes off state track after 12 years with +1 Leg and expertise in military. Gabriel Heister comes off private track after 8 years with +1 Leg and expertise in environment. John Hathorn comes off backroom politics track after 8 years with +1 Admin and expertise in welfare and is uncharismatic.  James Monroe enters State Admin Track.

B4: Anthony Wayne comes off military track after 12 years with +2 Military and expertise in military.  Abraham Baldwin comes off private track after 4 years with +1 Admin and expertise in foreign affairs.  Robert Smith enters State Exec Track.

B5: Joseph McMinn enters State Exec Track.

R1: Jonathan Freeman comes off Military Track after 12 years with +1 Military and expertise in naval. William Paterson comes off state exec track after 12 years with +2 Gov and expertise in agriculture and is likable. Alexander Hamilton enters State Leg Track.

R2: Samuel Osgood comes off State Leg after 12 years with +1 Leg and expertise in education. William Plumer enters State Exec Track and Jeremiah Smith enters private track.

R3: Fisher Ames enters State Leg Track.

R4: Joshua Clayton comes off State Exec Track after 12 years with +2 Gov with expertise in energy and is pliable.  John Hopkins Stone comes off Backroom Politics Track after 8 years with expertise in labor and is a kingmaker. Charles Pickney enters Backroom Track and Noah Webster enters State Admin Track.

R5: Nathaniel Mitchell comes off military track after 4 years with Ironfist.  Philip Barton Key enters private track.

 

Party Flip: Edmund Randolph flips from Red 3 to Blue 3.

Faction Flip: James Gunn flips from Blue 1 to Blue 4.

 

Kingmaker: Patrick Henry takes Richard Henry Lee as a protégé.  Lee gets +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in military, is now a right-wing activist, and he is manipulative. John Jay takes on Nicholas Fish as a protégé.  Fish get +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in foreign affairs, is now an expansionist.  John Hoskins Stone takes on Robert H. Harrison as a protégé.  Harrison got +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in agriculture, is now an expansionist.   

 

Samuel Livermore is elected President of Congress by a huge margin of votes.  John Langdon is named Domestic Chair, Gunning Beford Jr is named Foreign/Military Chair, Nathaniel Gorman is named Economic Chair and Francis Hopkinson is named Judicial Chair.

 

Faction Leader Gains/Losses: John Hancock removed as leader of Hancock Patriots and replaced by Delegate Benjamin Guerard who changes name to Guerard Patriots.  Guerard becomes a Puritan.  Samuel Ashe earns +1 Gov and is a crisis manager. Thomas Jefferson gets +1 Leg. Samuel Livermore is now a crisis manager. John Jay gets +1 Gov and is an egghead. Benjamin Lincoln is now a kingmaker.

 

Appointments: Most are kept, Benjamin Franklin requests permission to come back home from France and is replaced by James Warren.

 

Death and Retirement: Samuel Adams retires satisfied with the work he has done and is replaced as faction leader by Hugh Williamson. Williamson earns leadership. John Condit dies of typhoid.  Abraham Yates Jr retires due to being disillusioned with politics.  Benjamin Harrison V dies of typhoid.  Benjamin Franklin has retired to become headmaster of Boston Latin School. Governor William Livingston replaces him as faction leader and chooses the name of the faction to be Livington’s Patriots.  Edmund Pendelton dies of plague. Governor Jonathan Trumbull Jr dies by drowning while swimming.  His Lt. Governor Benjamin Huntington is elevated to become Governor. John Witherspoon is retiring as he is disillusioned with politics and misses his old job at Princeton. Postmaster General Henry Laurens has announced he will retire at the end of the year because of personal health.  Frederick Frelinghuysen dies of yellow fever. 

 

Samuel J. Cabell, while serving in the Virginia militia is asked by some of his fellow soldiers to go to a house of ill repute.  He refuses to do so and in a crowded field of corrupt politicians, it is wonderful to see a beacon of integrity.

 

People have been noticing that Secretary of State Robert Treat Paine is growing increasingly more indecisive.  It seems he is hesitating to use his influence on important matters and is becoming more eager to let others handle important decisions.

 

President of Congress Samuel Livermore has recently eaten supper with Senior Admiral John Berry and realizes that the country might have a military genius of the level of Julius Caeser.  (earns +1 in Military and Military Leadership).

 H. Brockholst Livingston is becoming known as something of a judicial expert by his fellow faction members. (earns +1 Judicial)

The young Aaron Burr is letting his future ambitions be known to others, I sense great things from him one day (earns +1 Command).

A convention of local leaders in a disputed territory between New York and New Hampshire has declared independence as the Republic of Vermont!  They likely will not sustain their independence as the British or perhaps even New York will soon annex them.  President of Congress Samuel Livermore has announced in a speech that at some point the United States will need to acquire this territory. 

12 delegates from New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia gathered in a tavern in Annapolis, Maryland to discuss the flaws in the Articles of Confederation and to argue for a lowering of state tariffs.  They are planning a larger, better organized gathering in the near future for further discussions as this one was quite shoddy with even Maryland not bothering to send a delegation despite hosting it in their state capital!  President of Congress Samuel Livermore stated that, “considering the financial difficulties and precarious nature of our national defense, an amended Articles of Confederation seems necessary, and he is supporting the cause”.

Currently we are still in a Revenue Budget Crisis, a Military Prep Crisis, an Economic Crisis and a Domestic Crisis.

Interesting Governor Actions: North Carolina Governor Richard Caswell passes a law to make the governor term be 4 years instead of 2. Governor Thomas Jefferson passed a law to make the governor only serve 1 term for life.  Governor Thomas Johnson of Maryland passed a law that neglected Maritime in the state as he hopes to build up agriculture.  Governor Caeser Rodney has passed a law for a 1 term life term. Governor John Adams has passed a law for 2 terms for life. 

Laws Congress Passed this Term: 1st Land Ordinance of 1784, Gorman Act to privatize bank of the United States, 2nd Land Ordinance of 1784, Johnson Act to create Minister of Spain

New Minister to Spain: Silas Deane

Governor Elections: In Connecticut Benjamin Huntington won his own term, John Dickinson won in Delaware making the state blue for the first time, John Rutledge wins Georgia governorship, John Hancock brings the blue party to Massachussts governorship after many years of trying, Robert Bowie becomes Governor of Maryland and again takes the state into the blue. Richard Casewell, William Paca, William Livingston, and John Jay managed to hold onto their respective states of North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, and New York.  George Ross became Governor of Pennsylvania, John Collins and William Moultrie kept Rhode Island and South Carolina and Virginia went to Richard Henry Lee.

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Party Flips: Minister to Spain Silas Deane flips from Red 2 to Blue 2. Richard Dobbs Spaight flips from Red 3 to Blue 2.

 

Kingmakers: James Madison takes on John Paul Jones as his protégé.  Jones gets +1 Command, +1 Leg, expertise in trade, is now a reformer, and is now an egghead.  Samuel Huntington takes on Chauncey Goodrich as his protégé.  Goodrich gets +1 Command, +1 Judicial, gets expertise in welfare, is now a nationalist, and is provincial. John Hoskins Stone takes on William Smallwood as a protégé.  Smallwood gets +1 Command, becomes an expert in Media, becomes a right-wing populist,   Benjamin Lincoln takes on Timothy Pickering as his protégé.  Pickering got +1 Command, +1 Military, expertise in military, is a reformer.

 

John Adams is elected President of the Confederation Congress.  His committee heads are Samuel Ashe for Domestic, Thomas Jefferson for Foreign/Military, Hugh Williamson for Economic, and Thomas McKean for Judicial, 3 of the 4 are blue showing that Adams, at this point, is willing to reach across the aisle. 

 

Faction Leaders: Benjamin Guerard loses obscure and gets +1 Admin, Samuel Ashe is now disharmonious and an everyman, Richard Henry Lee is no longer manipulative and instead is predictable and he has lost his ability to be a crisis manager. Samuel Livermore has earned an expertise in foreign affairs.  William Livingston has lost obscure and earned an expertise in trade and a +1 Leg. John Jay has is now +1 Admin.  John Adams is now maxed at +5 Command and is +1 Gov and is now an orator.

 

Samuel Ashe appoints Samuel Huntington as the new Postmaster General.   

 

Deaths and Retirements: Richard Buche dies of unknown causes.  Cornelius Harnett retires to run a business he has had in mind for many years.  Johann de Kalb having left his country to make America his home dies of yellow fever.  Lyman Hall dies of pneumonia.  John Rutledge appoints Archibald Bulloch to his seat in the congress.  Abraham Clark retires for reasons of personal health. Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer dies of dysentery.  John Morton retires to take a private sector job (OTL he actually died years before this).  John McKinly dies of dysentery.  Rawlins Lowndes retires after allegedly being pressured out.  James Jones dies of malaria. 

 

Issac Shelby while on the Virginia state exec track helped gain a pardon for a man facing the gallows and now has +1 in Judicial.

 

Once again the French have changed their trading laws leading to trade tensions with that country. 

 

With rumors that delegates will soon meet in Philadelphia to hash out changes in the Articles of Confederation, Secretary of State Robert Treat Paine has made it clear to friends he would not mind being head of the government someday. 

Delegate Thomas Jefferson has made it clear to Richard Henry Lee, Governor of Virginia that he would not say no to a seat at the upcoming convention (+1 Command)

 

Pierce Butler, already a two-faced politician for moves he made in the South Carolina state legislature, has stated some very controversial things about how slaves should be freed. 

 

 

A Huron-led tribal Confederacy, armed and supplied by the British, is violently resisting American settlement in our Northwest Territories.  Injuries to our citizens should not go unpunished!  The treachery of the British grows every year! President of Congress John Adams heard debate on the subject and then stood up to state, “This territory is rightfully ours by the Treaty of Paris.  I am ordering General Morgan to collect troops and go throw the natives out of our territory!”  (The Northwest Indian War has begun!)

 

The recently acquired Republic of Vermont is being claimed by the state of New York but the Republic has made it clear they would prefer independence to being part of New York.  The people who live in the Republic have come to Congress saying that they fear a takeover by Britian and would ask that the US consider making them a state.   Again, after hearing debate on the subject, President of Congress John Adams stated, “I see Vermont as a future US State, maybe not today or this year but a future state and that it is in the best interest for Americans and for Vermonters to be a territory of the United States at this point with a possible request for statehood to be heard in the future.”

 

Word has arrived that an armed rebellion in Western Massachussts, led by Daniel Shays is marching on the Springfield Armory.  The rabble are claiming economic and civil rights injustice from the state of Massachusetts taxes.  The rebels number at least 4,000.  Governor John Hancock has sent out the Massachusetts militia and has asked the Confederation Congress to call forth the various state militias to help Massachusetts quell this rebellion.  President of Congress John Adams listened to the various arguments again and then stated, “We do not have the finances to fund troops to put down this rebellion.  Therefore, I ask that the states send donations to help fund the Massachusetts militia.” 

 

After serving for years as a trainer in the military, General Kosciuszko has announced he is returning to his native Poland.

 

Word has been sent to the various states to send delegates to Philadelphia for the purpose of amending the Articles of Confederation.  It is understood by many that many who come to this convention will have a more revolutionary goal in mind. Knowing that many of the delegates will be going to this convention, President Adams put the Confederation Congress in recess and said, “For better or worse, this Convention will be the death knell to our Articles of Confederation and this Congress. May we create a more perfect union.”

 

The following are the delegates who come to Philadelphia:

CT: Governor Benjamin Huntington, Jonathan Trumbull Jr, and William Montgomery  

DE: Governor John Dickinson, John Patten, and Caeser  Rodney

GA: Governor John Rutledge, George Matthews, and John Milton

MA: Governor John Hancock, Gunning Bedford Jr, and James Bowdoin

MD: William Smith, Samuel Smith, and Secretary of the Treasury Charles Caroll of Carrollton

NC: Hugh Williamson, Alexander Martin, and Samuel Johnson

NH: Samuel Livermore, John Langdon, and Josiah Bartlett

NJ: Governor William Livingston, William Paterson, and Elias Boudinot.

NY: Governor John Jay, Philip Schuyler, and George Clinton

PA: James Wilson, Secretary of War Robert Morris, and Daniel Heister

RI: Governor John Collins, Peyton Randolph, and William Bradford

SC: Governor William Moultrie, Henry Middleton and Pierce Butler

VA: Governor Richard Henry Lee, James Madison and George Wythe

 

George Wythe was the man who helped plan this and is now known as Father of the Constitution. 

 

William Moultrie is unanimously elected as President of the Convention

 

The Convention decides the following to make up the Constitution:

Article 1: Establish a US Senate and a US House

Article 2: Establish elected President with 4-year terms.

Article 3: Establish a Federal Judicial Branch

Slave State Compromise: 3/5 Compromise

Amendment Process: Require ¾ of states to pass Amendments.

 

A series of essays strongly supporting the new US Constitution and a more vigorous central government have been appearing in the newspapers.  They are written by three authors using pen names, but many know who these authors are.  Many papers are printing these essays and avoiding printing any that oppose the new Constitution. Word has leaked out that the authors are George Wythe, Philip Schuyler and Governor John Jay.  President of the Confederation Congress John Adams has been heard to say to others, “Let's endorse the sagacious pro-Constitution authors of these papers.”

 

A series of essays opposed to the US Constitution and a stronger federal government have been appearing in the newspapers under pseudonyms. We can, however, construe who some of the likely authors are based on their recent political actions and oratory.  Again, President of the Confederation Congress John Adams made clear his viewpoints by saying, “Let's not bring any attention to these ramblings. We need a Constitution to build a strong government for national defense and economic growth.”

 

 

State of the Union: Country is still in a Rev-Budget crisis, a military prep crisis, an economic crisis, and a domestic crisis.  Hopefully the new government will solve many of these problems.

 

 

Interesting Governor Moves: All 13 governors ratify Constitution (helps that 9 of them voted on it in the convention and the others were all moderates who agreed with the moves I guess).  John Hancock has signed a bill into law that from now on the Governor of Massachussts will serve only 1 2-year term for life.  Governor Richard Casewell of North Carolina is lowing taxes in his state.  Connecticut Governor Benjamin Huntington has passed a law for 4-year terms New Hampshire Governor William Paca has passed a law of no term limits as governor.  William Livingston of New Jersey has passed a law for 4-year terms. George Ross of Pennsylvania has passed a law allowing for 2 terms for life instead of 1 term for life.  Governor John Jay has passed a law for 2 terms for life for New York Governors.

 

Laws passed this last Session of Confederation Congress: Livermore Act to organize western territories.

 

Battle of Kekionga is won by Senior General Daniel Morgan who goes on to burn down the Indian town.  The war, however, will continue on as the Natives are not even close to being beat.

 

Governor Elections: James Bowdoin takes over as Governor of Massachusetts. John Ruthledge wins another term as Governor of Georgia. Robert Bowie wins another term as Governor of Maryland.  Richard Caswell decides to step down as Governor of North Carolina.  The election was won by William Franklin.  William Paca wins another term as Governor of New Hampshire.  William Livingston steps down as Governor of New Jersey.  William Paterson is elected as the new Governor of New Jersey.  John Jay steps down as Governor of New York. George Clinton wins a new term as Governor.  George Ross won his second and last term as Governor of Pennsylvania.  John Collins wins another term as Governor of Rhode Island.  William Moultrie easily won another term as Governor of South Carolina.  Richard Henry Lee is unable to run again and so the state house of Virginia falls to Patrick Henry.

 

There will be no Delegate election as the new Constitution will take effect next year.  The first order of business then will be to elect a President and Vice President and a House of Representatives.  Then to have the Governors appoint the new Senators.

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1788 Presidential Election: William Moultrie of South Carolina wins Presidency unanimously.   His new VP is: John Adams of Massachusetts.

 

 

New Governor of South Carolina is Edward Rutledge.

 

 

1788 Inaugural Class of Representatives: CT (Andrew Adams, Samuel Huntington), DE (Richard Bassett), GA (Archibald Bulloch), MA (Benjamin Lincoln, James Sullivan, Theodore Sedgwick), MD (John Hoskins Stone, William Smallwood), NC (Samuel Ashe, Benjamin Hawkins), NH (Simeon Olcott), NJ (Henry Southard), NY (John Jay, Walter Livingston), PA (Daniel Heister, Thomas Scott, George Bryan), RI (William Bradford), SC (Alexander Gillon, Ralph Izard), VA (Richard Henry Lee, Francis Lightfoot Lee, John Page, Theodorick Bland, John Paul Jones).

 

This means that the house is barely controlled by the Federalist Patriots 52-50.

1789 Senate Inaugural Picks:

Class 1: CT (William Williams), DE (Nicholas Van Dyke), MA (Robert Treat Paine), MD (William Smith), NJ (Jonathan Elmer), NY (Cornelius Schoonmaker), PA (George Clymer), RI (Peyton Randolph),  VA (James Madison).

Class 2: DE (John Patten), GA (Lachlan McIntosh), MA (Nathanial Gorham), NC (Samuel Johnson), NH (William Whipple), NJ (Francis Hopkinson), NY (James Clinton), RI (Joseph Stanton Jr), SC (Jacob Read), VA (Thomas Jefferson).

Class 3: CT (William Samuel Johnson), GA (George Matthews), MD (Gabriel Christie), NC (Richard Butler), NH (John Langdon), PA (James Wilson), SC (Thomas Bee).

 

Senate is 16-10 controlled by the Federalist Patriots.

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1788-1790 Summary

1788 Draft interesting picks: Francis Xavier Martin (enters State Admin Track), Albert Gallatin (enters state Leg Track), Jesse Franklin (enters Private Track), John Breckenridge (enters State Admin Track), William Temple Franklin (enters State Judicial Track), Oliver Woolcott Jr (enters State Admin Track), Elizur Goodrich (enters State Judicial Track), Jonathan Dayton (enters State Leg Track, Bushrod Washington (enters State Judicial Track), and Jamie Ross (enters Backroom Track). 

Party Flip: Upton Sheredine flips from Red 3 to Blue 3, Frederick Muhlenberg flips from Red 3 to Blue 3.

 Kingmakers: James Madison takes on Wilson Cary Nicholas as protégée.  Nicholas gets +1 Command, +1 in Leg, expertise in naval, he is a pacifist, and is an egghead.  Robert R. Livingston takes on Alexander McDougall as protegee.  McDougall gets +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in transportation, becomes a theocrat, and is an egghead.  Patrick Henry takes on John Page as a protegee.  Page gets +1 Command, expertise in technology, is a theocrat, and is manipulative.  John Jay takes on Killian Van Rensselaer as protegee.  Renssalaer gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in science, becomes a pacifist, and is an egghead.  John Hoskins Stone takes on William Hindman as protegee.  Hindman gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in business and becomes a right-wing activist.  Benjamin Lincoln takes on Francis Dana as protegee.  Dana gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in environment and becomes a theocrat.

 

 Benjamin Lincoln is elected Speaker of the House after 3 rounds.  He makes Richard Henry Lee as his domestic chair, William Bradford as his foreign/military chair, Samuel Ashe as Economic Chair, and Samuel Huntington as Judicial Chair.

 John Langdon is elected President Pro Temp of the Senate after 2 rounds. He makes James Madison his domestic chair, Thomas Jefferson his foreign/military chair, William Smith as his economic chair, and James Wilson as his Judicial Chair.

 

Faction Leader’s Changes:

B1: Hugh Williamson takes up an interest in civil rights and gets +1 Gov.  He chooses to name his faction Populists (LW).

B2: Benjamin Guerard gets +1 Command and +1 Gov.  He chooses to name his faction Moderates.

B3: Representative Samuel Ashe gets +1 Command and chooses to name his faction Democratic-Republicans.

B4: Representative Richard Henry Lee gets +1 Leg and chooses to name his faction Republicans.

B5: Senator Thomas Jefferson changes his faction name to Anti-Federalists.

R1: Samuel Livermore becomes an everyman and changes his faction name to Livermore Federalists.

R2: Representative William Livingston gains integrity and changes his faction name to Moderate Federalists.

R3: Representative John Jay becomes uncharismatic and is now an orator.  He changes his faction name to Jay Federalists.

R4: Vice President John Adams earns +1 Admin and changes his faction name to Arch Federalists.

R5: President William Moultrie loses integrity and changes his faction name to Conservatives.

 

Party Leader:

Federalist Patriots: President William Moultrie

Anti-Federalist Patriots: Senator Thomas Jefferson

 

 

Secretary of State: John Jay

Secretary of the Treasury: Charles Caroll of Carrollton

Secretary of War: Robert Morris

Minister to France: John Hancock

Minster to Spain: James Warren

Senior General: Daniel Morgan

Senior Admiral: John Barry

 

Leonard Gansevoort is the new Representative for NY-1

Retirements and Deaths: Minster to Spain James Warren has announced he will retire in 1792 due to his belief that the Constitution is too authoritarian.  Hugh Mercer has retired for reasons of personal health.  Richard Casewell has died of natural causes.  Senator Lachlan McIntosh will retire after his term ends in 1792 due to needing to restore his plantation which was burned by the British in the Revolution.  Francis Marion has died of dysentery.  George Wythe retired for unknown reasons.  Congressman William Livingston has died of smallpox.  His seat is now held by Samuel Osgood.  Senator James Wilson is the new faction leader.  John Laurens has died of tuberculosis.

 

Representative Henry Southard was offered a bribe by a newspaper to report on what was being said in Congress but instead of taking the bribe he turned the reporter into the police.  It is nice to see that in a crowded field of corrupt politicians there can be counted on a bit of integrity. 

Representative Richard Bassett is becoming a true power maker in Congress.  I would not be surprised to see him as Speaker of the House one day.   

 Senior Admiral John Barry is showing signs that perhaps he was promoted too far.  President Moultrie has said he will continue to support him, however

French relations are starting to deteriorate as they are turning hostile and refusing US ships into their Caribbean ports.

Robert Howe, who has been kept from office for his incompetence, has decided to retire from politics right away. 

 Governor John Collins has made it clear that he would love to be in the President’s cabinet someday and as such is working on his administration skills.

Governor William Franklin has been seen reading law books in his spare time. 

John Armstrong Jr has made it clear to his friends he wants to be President someday

A clear party has been formed around the desire for a stronger centralized government.  The name most associated with this groups is the Federalists.  The group hopes to compete economically and globally with the Great Powers.

 Representatives from nearly all the major tribes west of the Appalachians and East of the Mississippi have forged an Indian Sovereignty Confederation with the goal of representing their collective rights in a loose Confederation that is mutually defensive against Europeans encroaching on their rights.  The leaders argue that they are only ensuring the boundaries that have been settled between our nation and the various tribes.  However, expansionists and pro-settlement politicians believe that recognizing their sovereignty on this scale will permanently cut u off from the lucrative lands in the West and would potentially prevent us from becoming a competing power on the international scene.  President Moultrie made it clear his stance when he said simply, “Ridiculous, I refuse to even entertain any of these people in my President’s house!” 

 Governor George Clinton has encouraged the New York State Legislture to abolish slavery.  Governor George Ross of Pennsylvania has followed suit and also encouraged the Pennsylvania legislature to abolish slavery. 

 Party newspapers are becoming more common with the pro-Federalist National Gazette and the Anti-Federalist Patriots Philadelphia Aurora leading the way. 

An agreement to set up a European-style trading system of brokers and merchants has been made at Wall Street in New York City. These stockjobbers will soon dominate our country.

 This is our first step to competing with the great powers. Manufacturing brings the Industrial Age to the New World! The only drawback is that many family businesses could be destroyed in the process.

 The Bank of Manhattan has been established. Originally, the company worked with providing water to Manhattan, but it has transition to banking. The new bank is run primarily by opponents of the Federalist Party, which until now had a monopoly of the banking industry in the city.

 Word has arrived that Czarina Catherine the Great who has made Russia into a Great Power has died.

 English-scholar Thomas Malthus has published a groundbreaking study on human population. In it, he argues that the current rate of human population growth will inevitably lead to greater poverty unless the birth rate declines.

The new broadside, New York Evening Post, is quickly becoming the most influential paper in New York City and in the region.

 The French people have beheaded their king and our wartime friend, Louis XVI, and established a Republic. Now, they have declared war on Great Britain. The French are wishing for us to hold up to our alliance by joining in the war effort, since they had helped us out. However, economists and military experts say that our country is still too young to engage in such a risky, costly effort. Informed Americans are conflicted over this news, with those tied to banking and mercantile fields strongly desiring that we forgive and establish ties with Britain, while many the new French Republic. Additionally, some Americans fear that France is trying to use us as a pawn in their great game against King George III. President Moultrie went before Congress and declared, “The US is neutral in this action.  France did not help us in our revolution, why should we help them in theirs?”

The Act of Union has been passed by the British and Irish Parliament, formally creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Interesting Governor Actions: John Dickinson of Delaware has passed a law allowing for term limited Governors to run again after sitting out 1 term.  Governor Willam Franklin of North Carolina passes a law that calls for only 1 4-year term for Governor for life.  This is not retroactive.  Governor William Paca of New Hampshire is encouraging settlement on the remaining Native American lands in the state.  George Clinton of New York has improve finance in his state.  George Ross of Pennsylvania is encouraging settlement on the remaining Native American lands in the state.  He has also ordered roads, bridges, and canals to be built in the state. John Collins of Rhode Island has lowered taxes in the state. Governor Edward Rutledge of South Carolina is advocating military service in the current Northwest Indian War. 

Bills that have passed Congress:

Lincoln Bank Act

Carroll Mint Act

Judiciary Act of 1788 establishing supreme court justices and federal death penalty

Lighthouse Act of 1788

Standing Army Act of 1788

Carroll Tariff of 1788

Lincoln-Langdon Attorney General Act

 

James Warren manages to increase relations with Spain.

 

General Daniel Morgan marched a ragtag group of volunteer state militia back to the village of Kekionga again to try and repeat his victory from before.  This time the natives were ready for him and although it was a close battle, it resulted in a defeat and a retreat by Morgan to lick his wounds.

President Moultrie signs the Lincoln Bank Act, Carroll Mint Act, Judiciary Act of 1788, Lighthouse Act of 1788, Standing Army Act of 1788, Carroll Tariff of 1788, and the Lincoln-Langdon Attorney General Act. 

He names the following as Generals in the US Army: Arthur St. Clair, Anthony Wayne, Paul Brigham, Timothy Pickering.

He names the following as Attorney General: Robert Treat Paine

Governor James Bowdoin will leave the seat vacant for now as Class 1 is due to be replaced right after the election.

He names the following as President of the Bank of the US: George Clymer.

Governor George Ross will leave the seat vacant for now as Class 1 is due to be replaced right after the election.

 

President Moultrie does the following executive actions:

1)     Rhetorically condemn impressment by British ships.

2)     Pro-British Trade and Foreign Policy Rhetoric

3)     Gives a major speech to Congress to pass a law to establish US Minister to Great Britain but the speech fails. 

 

 

President Moultrie appoints the following to the US Supreme Court: Chief Justice William Cushing, Associate Justice James Wilson, Associate Justice Thomas Johnson, Associate Justice John Blair Jr, Associate Justice John Pickering, Associate Justice Theodore Sedgwick.

Governor George Ross appoints Thomas McKean as the new Senator Class III.

Governor Results: Federalists are holding 8 Governor seats and Anti-Federalist Patriots are holding 5 seats. 

House Results: Anti-Federalist Patriots have 65 house seats to 35 for Federalists.

Senate Results: Federalists have 16 seats and Anti-Federalist Patriots have 10.

Being defeated for another term as Representative Simeon Olcott retires to all a new generation to enter politics.  

 

 

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1790-1792 Summary

Party Flip: Senator Richard Bassett flips from Blue 3 to Red 3.  Francis T. Brooke flips from Blue 3 to Red 4. Senator Lachlan McIntosh flips from Blue 4 to Red 5.

 Kingmaker moves: Robert R. Livingston takes on John Smith as a protégée.  Smith gets 1 Gov, 1 Command, expertise in energy, becomes a left-wing activist, and becomes an egghead.  Patrick Henry takes on Samuel J. Cabell as a protegee.  Cabell gets 1 Gov, 1 Command, expertise in labor, becomes a theocrat, and is now manipulative.  Benjamin Lincoln takes on Senator Tristram Dalton as a protegee.  Dalton gets 1 Command, 1 Military, expertise in military, and is an expansionist.     

 

Richard Henry Lee is elected Speaker of the House.  He announces the following as committee chairs: Andrew Adams as Domestic Chair, William Bradford as Foreign/Military Chair, Samuel Ashe as Economic Chair, and William Maclay as Judicial Chair.

 Thomas Jefferson is elected President Pro Tempore of the Senate.  He announces the following as committee chairs: John Langdon as Domestic Chair, John Patten as Foreign/Military Chair, Nathaniel Gorham as Economic Chair, and Thomas McKean as Judicial Chair.

 

Faction Leader Changes: Hugh Williamson gains +1 Leg and is now an orator.  Benjamin Guerard changes his faction name to Democratic-Republicans.  Representative Samuel Ashe changes his faction name to Moderates.  Speaker of the House Richard Henry Lee is now passive.  President Pro Tempore of the Senate Thomas Jefferson is now uncharismatic, has integrity and is a crisis manager.  Jefferson has changed his faction name to Old Republicans.  Samuel Livermore now has charisma.  Associate Justice James Wilson now has leadership and charisma.  Secretary of State John Jay was kicked out of Faction leadership.  The new Red 3 faction leader is Senator Thomas Scott.  Scott has leadership and is likable.  The faction is now known as Scott Federalists.  Vice President John Adams was kicked out of faction leadership as well.  The new faction leader is Senator John Langdon.  Langdon has +1 Command and is now incoherent.  The new faction name is the Arch-Federalists.

Party Leader: Federalists continue to be led by President William Moultrie.  Anti-Federalist Patriots are being led by Benjamin Guerard.

Cabinet Members: Since firing precedent has yet to be set all cabinet remains as same except for:

Minister to Spain: John E Van Alen

Retirements and Deaths: Andrew Moore dies of typhoid.  Senator Peyton Randolph dies of dysentery.  He is replaced by Benjamin Howland.  Governor John Collins will retire after his term ends in 1792 for unknown reasons.  William Preston retires for family reasons. Governor George Mason dies of plague.  On his deathbed he appoints Thomas Nelson Jr to replace him.  Artemus Ward Jr dies after choking on a bone during a good meal. William Alexander retires to take a private sector job.  Governor George Ross will retire in 1792 to allow a new generation to enter politics.  James Bowdoin is retiring for family reasons.  Killian Van Rensselaer dies of tuberculosis.  Lewis Morris is retiring to become President of Yale College.  Joseph Hewes is retiring as he is satisfied with the work he has done and wants to consider other things. 

President William Moultrie dies of plague!  Vice President John Adams becomes President of the United States.

New President Adams is faced with a Business bubble bursting which causes the USA to go into a recession!  Maritime and Finance is hurt throughout the country. 

Congressman Andrew Adams makes a huge mistake at a fourth of July picnic where he states that the country should go to war with France and take Louisiana.  It looks like he is just another Icarus that flew too close to the sun, and we had such high hopes for him as well.

 Minister to France John Hancock agreed with Congressman Andrew Adams and was immediately fired from his position by President Adams!  He has officially retired from politics now and hopefully will go quietly into the night. President Adams appoints Nicholas Fish as the new Minister to France.

American settlers have been illegally smuggling items down the Mississippi and through New Orleans causing trade tensions with Spain.

General Arthur St. Clair made it clear at a Presidential dinner party he would not mind being named as a possible running mate for President Adams.

Days after General St. Clair made a fool of himself, President Adams received a letter from Governor William Franklin saying that he would be proud to be a running mate for President Adams in 1792!

Rumors are spreading that Senate President Pro Tempore Thomas Jefferson has several children with one of his slaves named Sally.  While this cannot be proved and some say this is common among slaveowners, it has made Jefferson controversial as he is said to really love the slave.

The states of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island have unified to come together and abolish slavery in their borders.  Of course, it must be stated that slavery has been a rare occurrence in these states for quite a while. 

The Northern textile industry is booming thanks to corresponding boom in Southern cotton. This is great for the American economy but will likely prolong slavery in this country as even the free states profit from the slave economy. Southern cotton has married New England manufacturing!

The Austrian composer, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, arguably the most talented musician of our time, has died too soon. Is this the day that music died?

The British Royal Navy is facing embarrassment as word has reached us of a mutiny on the HMS Bounty.

The French colony of Haiti has started a revolution.  That puts the US in a conundrum.  On one hand it is very cool that France a great power of Europe is losing territory in our hemisphere.  But on the other hand, endorsing a revolution led by slaves is likely to upset slaveholders and may even lead to a similar revolution in the southern states.  President Adams has gone to Congress and made a speech.  In the speech he is letting them know that he reluctantly is aiding the slave revolt because an Independent Haiti will mean French presence would decrease in North America.  However, he is also refusing to recognize and independent Haiti and will embargo them if independence is won in order to appease Southern slaveholders.

 

Interesting Governor Moves: John Dickinson is building roads, bridges, and canals in Delaware.  Governor Benjamin Lincoln is building roads, bridges, and canals in Massachusetts.  Governor William Smallwood of Maryland changes term limits to 1 term of 2 years for life.  Governor William Franklin of North Carolina passes a law of no term limits. Governor William Paca is encouraging Congress to establish a Minister for the UK next term.  Governor William Patterson of New Jersey has decided to cut funds to Maritime hoping that the workers will go into other industries in his state.  John Collins of Rhode Island is encouraging settlement on the remaining Native American lands in the state. South Carolina Governor Edward Ruthledge is asking settlers in his state to treat Native Americans with caution. 

No important Supreme Court Cases have been decided this term.

Bills Passed during 2nd Congress: Funding Act of 1792, Stockton-Martin Naturalization-Crime Act, Militia Act of 1792, Morris Vermont Act, Bimetallism Act of 1792, Bill of Rights Act.

 

 

 

Diplomatic Efforts: Only Minister to Spain John E. Van Alen is able to go to Spain.  He tries to improve relations but fails in doing so.

 

Northwest Indian War: Senior General Daniel Morgan led the US Army into an ambush at the Battle of Kenapacomagua.

 

President Adams signs: Funding Act of 1792, Stockton-Martin Naturalization-Crime Act, Militia Act of 1792, Morris Vermont Act, Bimetallism Act of 1792

He sends the Bill of Rights Act to the Governors to be considered. At this time 7 have voted for it but it needs the votes of CT, GA, MA, NC, PA, SC, and VT during Governor Phase.

 

Presidential Executive Actions:

President Adams likes the way the country seems to be improving and proclaims a day of Thanksgiving.

 

1792 Presidential Election: President John Adams and Vice President James Armstrong

 

Governor Election Results: Tied at 7 for Federalists and 7 for Anti-Federalist Patriots.

 

House Election Results: Controlled by Anti-Federalist Patriots 63-40. 

 

Senate Election Results: Controlled by the Federalists 17-11. 

 

William Franklin having lost his Governor race is retiring to take over the position once held by his father as headmaster of Boston Latin School.

 

For losing his governorship office in New Hampshire, William Paca is being forced out of politics.

 

Nicholas Van Dyke is retiring for unknown reasons, possibly depression over losing his House seat.

 

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Interesting picks from 1792 Draft:

R1: John Quincy Adams (Backroom Politics), R2: Theodore Dwight (Backroom Politics), R3: James A Bayard Sr. (Private Track), R4: William Barry Grove (Private Track), R5: Stephen Van Rensselaer (State Leg Track), B1: Andrew Jackson (Military Track), B2: Thomas Todd (State Judicial Track), B3: Samuel L. Mitchell (Private Track), B4: Edward Livingston (State Admin Track), B5: Gabriel Slaughter (Private Track). 

No Party or Faction flips

Kingmakers: James Madison takes on Francis Preston as his protégée.  Preston gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in healthcare, is an expansionist, and is a propagandist.  Ebenezer Hazard takes Daniel Hiester as his protegee.  Heister gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in military, is an expansionist, and is an egghead.  John Hathorn takes on Edward Telfair as his protegee.  Telfair gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in labor, and is an expansionist.  John Tyler Sr takes on Thomas Heyward Jr as his protegee.  Heyward gets +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in energy, and is a nationalist.  Edward Hand takes on Joseph Reed as his protegee.  Reed gets 1+ Command, 1+ Military, expertise in Media, and is an expansionist.  Caleb Strong takes on Minister to Spain John E. Van Alen as his protegee.  Van Alen gets +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in justice, is an expansionist, and is an egghead.  Governor Samuel Huntington takes on David Daggett as his protegee.  Daggett gets +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in education, is a nationalist, and is provincial.  Thomas Mifflin takes on William  Bingham as his protegee.  Bingham gets +1 Command, 1+ Admin, expertise in military, is a nationalist and is a debater.  Alexander Scammell takes on William Hale as his protegee.  Hale gets +1 Command, 1+ Gov, expertise in justice, and is an expansionist. 

 

 

Speaker of the House: Richard Henry Lee is reelected Speaker of the House.  He chooses Cornelius Schoonmaker as Domestic Chair, Gunning Bedford Jr as Foreign/Military Chair, Henry Middleton as Economic Chair, and Ralph Izard as Judicial Chair. 

 President Pro Tempore of the Senate: Thomas Jefferson is reelected President Pro Tempore of the Senate.  John Langdon is made Domestic Chair, Thomas Scott is made Foreign/Military Chair, Jacob Read is made Economic Chair, and Thomas McKean is made Judicial Chair. 

Faction Leader Changes: Hugh Williamson continues to lead the Populists (LW) and gets +1 Command, +1 Leg, +1 Gov.  Benjamin Guerard continues to lead the Democratic-Republican faction and get +1 Command but is also becoming incoherent.  Governor Samuel Ashe continues to lead the Moderates and gets +1 Command.  Speaker of the House Richard Henry Lee continues to lead the Republicans.  President Pro Tempore of the Senate Thomas Jefferson is removed as faction leader of the Old Republicans for being uncharismatic and replaced by Thomas Heyward Jr.  Heywood earns leadership and loses obscure.  Samuel Livermore changes his faction name to the Finance Federalists, and he now is an expansionist.  Associate Justice James Wilson continues to lead the Moderate Federalists.  Senator Thomas Scott continues to lead the Scott Federalists and he loses obscure and has +1 Command but also has earned controversial for some things he has done behind the scenes.  President John Adams is now the leader of the Arch-Federalists, and he now is a kingmaker!  Benjamin Lincoln took over the Conservatives after the death of the late President Moultrie, who we all still mourn. 

Party Leader:  President John Adams leads the Federalists.  The Anti-Federalist Patriots are led by Benjamin Guerard once more. 

 

Appointments: As firing precedent is not set yet all cabinet members stay in place.  However, President Adams needs to choose a new Secretary of State.  This is: Benjamin Rush.

He also chooses a Key Advisor in Benjamin Lincoln.  The new General that replaces Paul Brigham is Casmir Pulaski. 

 Random Retirements and Deaths: Amos Singletary is retiring to go back to farming.  Senator Thomas Chittenden of Vermont dies of dysentery.  He is replaced by Nathaniel Gorman. This makes the seat total 18-10 Federalists.  Congressman Francis Lightfoot Lee dies of dysentery.  John Tyler Sr replaces him.  Lachlan McIntosh dies of yellow fever.  William Ellery retires satisfied with the work he has done and wanting to consider other things to do.  Governor Thomas Nelson Jr of Virginia dies of tuberculosis.  Edmund Randolph replaces him.  William Coxe Jr dies of plague.  Senator Thomas McKean dies of smallpox.  He is replaced by David Bard and the new Judiciary chair is Benjamin Howland.  David Carroll dies of tuberculosis.  Thomas Willing dies of natural causes.  General Arthur St. Clair dies of malaria.  He is replaced by Samuel Nicholas. 

 

President Adams was heard at public 4th of July event making a comical and insulting comment about Spain.  Benjamin Guerard is making sure that the Anti-Federalist Patriot newspapers are spreading this gaffe far and wide. 

 The British have begun to block American fishing off Newfoundland and the Spanish have continued to block American shipping through New Orleans. 

 Ambassador to France Nicholas Fish has proposed a solution to the ongoing issues with France and has asked for permission to come back to the US.  While this will not be given at the time, it is showing that Fish has a head on his shoulders and perhaps one day will make a good VP or even President.

 President Pro Tempore of the Senate Thomas Jefferson and Speaker of the House Richard Henry Lee have approached President Adams with a deal.  Since during the last legislative session, assumption of Revolutionary War debts was passed with a close vote, and since both men have promised to block any Administration bills in protest this session, an agreement was made.  If Adams agrees, Lee and Jefferson will support bills that he wants and in return the capital will move into a new city to be built on the Potomac.  It will compose of land in southern Maryland near Georgetown and land in Northern Virginia near Arlington and be called Moultrieville  District of Columbia.  Philadelphia will continue to serve as the temporary capital until 1804 at which time the capital will move to the new city.  President Adams has agreed on this. 

 The French Republic have made an aggressive move.  Their foreign minister Talleyrand has approached Spain and brought Louisiana for France.  In exchange, Spanish Secretary of State Don Manuel Godoy will be given lands in northern Italy which the French have recently conquered.  President Adams let everyone who comes into his office know this is splendid news as France is the pariah of Europe.  He has hinted that the US might be able to compel them to sell the land or even take it by force and is beginning long term discussions with his cabinet on this issue. 

Speaking of France, a Corsican-born French general is dominating the Austrian armies in Northern Italy and the headlines in papers in Paris, London, Vienna and our cities of New York and Philadelphia.

Bill of Rights have been passed!  11 of the 14 states which is more then ¾ have passed the Amendment’s.  CT, NC, and VT will continue to get chances to jump onto the bandwagon in future government actions. 

 

Passed Governor Actions: Samuel Huntington of Connecticut has passed a law allowing 25 years and up to run for Governor.  Delaware Governor Joshua Clayton has passed a law for two-year terms instead of 4-year terms.  Georgia Governor Peter Gansevoort is opening up more lands in Georgia that used to belong to Native Americans for settlers.  Josiah Bartlett of New Hampshire is encouraging military service.  New Jersey Governor William Paterson has passed a law of no age limits for Governor.  Governor Samuel Maclay of Pennsylvania has changed the law in the state so that terms are only 2 years now. 

 No important Supreme Court cases were decided during this term. 

 

The following laws were passed by Congress this term: Lee-Jefferson Act to establish the Territory West of Virginia and Southwest Territory, Copyright Act of 1794, Paine Act to establish Speaker 3rd in line for President, Standing Navy Act, National Road Act, 11th Amendment protecting states from being sued by residents of other states and countries. 

 Diplomatic Moves: The only minister that can do anything is John E. Van Alen.  He tries to improve relations with Spain but fails (possibly because of that insulting comment that President Adams made) and relations fall. 

 Northwest Indian War Update: General Anthony Wayne led the US Army west to Vincennes where he defeated a group of Northwestern Confederate Native’s.  He then marched back east to a rally point at Dunlap’s Station where Northwestern Indians laid siege to him.  He tried to break out of the siege but was pushed back.  However, a few days later Wayne rallied his men and managed a second a breakout scattering the Native’s.  The war is not yet over but it does look good for the United States as the Northwestern Indians are starting to scatter and fight among themselves. 

 

President Adams signs the following laws: Lee-Jefferson Act to establish the Territory West of Virginia and Southwest Territory, Copyright Act of 1794, Paine Act to establish Speaker 3rd in line for President, Standing Navy Act, National Road Act.

He sends the 11th Amendment protecting states from being sued by residents of other states and countries to the governors.

5 states passed the 11th Amendment:  Georgia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Vermont.  The rest will be given another chance during Governor Action.  

 The following was named as Senior Admiral: John Barry

The following were named as Admirals: John Paul Jones (resigns from Congress), Benedict Arnold, and Dudley Saltonstall.

Presidential Executive Actions:

1)     Declares a day of Thanksgiving for the recent victories in the Northwest Indian War.

2)     Sets a Pro-Military Budget Increase Policy

3)     Instituting a policy of civilizing Native Americans in US Territory

4)     Gives Major Speech to have Minister to UK passed next Congressional Session

5)     Sets a Pro-British Trade and Foreign Policy Rhetoric. 

 

Governor Elections result in 10 seats for Anti-Federalist Patriots and 4 seats for Federalists. 

 House Election Results in 81 seats for Anti-Federalist Patriots and 22 seats for Federalists.

 Senator Appointment Results in 14 seats for Federalists and 14 seats for Anti-Federalist Patriots. Hopefully the Vice President is up for breaking ties if they occur! 

 Jonathan Trumbull Jr retires as he is disillusioned with politics.

 William Smallwood retires satisfied with the work he has done.

 William Hooper retires as he has been pressured out for losing his seat in Congress.

 Ralph Izard retires for personal health reasons.

 William Green Jr retires for family reasons.

 Henry Middleton is retiring due to old age.

 

 

 

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Extra Extra Read all about it!

The Democratic-Republicans have won their first election.  

The election of 1796 sees Richard Henry Lee elected President (2 years past his historical death date).  His Vice President will be George Clinton.  They blew away the competition which was John Jay and Thomas Scott.  By this weekend I will post turn updates but school just started and I am starting to look for jobs so the playtest is going on the backburner again for a bit.  

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1794-1796 Summery: 

No Party Flipping or faction stealing.

 Kingmakers: Representative Peter Muhlenberg takes on Arthur Middleton as protégé.  Middleton gets +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in technology and is now an expansionist.  Patrick Henry takes on Thomas Clairborne as protégé.  Clairborne gets +1 Command, +1 Leg, expertise in naval, becomes a nationalist, and becomes manipulative.  Edward Hand takes on William Moore as protégé.  Moore gets +1 Command, 1 Military, expertise in agriculture and is an expansionist.  John Hoskins Stone takes on Charles Goldsborough as protégé.  Goldsborough gets 1+ Command, 1+ Admin, expertise in foreign affairs and becomes a nationalist. 

Speaker of the House: Richard Henry Lee is reelected Speaker of the House. He makes Cornelius Schoonmaker Domestic Chair, John Patten Foreign/Military Chair, Hugh Williamson Economic Chair, and Daniel Heister Judicial Chair. 

President Pro Tempore of the Senate: John Langdon is elected President Pro Tempore of the Senate after 3 rounds when the VP has to come in to break the tie.  He chooses Jonathan Elmer as Domestic Chair, Thomas Scott as Foreign/Military Chair, Jacob Read as Economic Chair, and William Maclay as Judicial Chair. 

Faction Leader: Representative Hugh Williamson continues to lead the Populist (LW).  Benjamin Guerard loses control of the Democratic-Republicans and is replaced by Peter Muhlenberg.  Peter gets leadership and +1 Leg.  Governor Samuel Ashe continues to lead the Moderates.  Ashe gets +1 Command and learns how to debate.  Speaker of the House Richard Henry Lee continues to lead the Republicans.  Lee now has iron fist.  Thomas Heyward loses control over the Old Republicans and is replaced by Senator Thomas Jefferson.  Samuel Livermore loses control of the Finance Federalists and is replaced by Archibald Bulloch.  Bulloch gets +1 Leg.  Associate Justice James Wilson continues to lead the Moderate Federalists.  Senator Thomas Scott continues to lead the Scott Federalists.  Scott gets +1 Command and +1 Gov.  President John Adams continues to lead the Arch-Federalists.  He is now uncharismatic.  Key Advisor Benjamin Lincoln continues to lead the Conservatives.    

Federalist Party Leader: President John Adams

Anti-Federalist Patriots Leader: Speaker of the House Richard Henry Lee

 

Since firing precedent has not been set all cabinet members and ambassadors stay in place.  Military stays the same.  Key advisor also stays the same. 

Retirements and Deaths: Thomas Sumter dies of malaria.  Faction Leader and Governor Samuel Ashe has died of the plague.  The new Faction Leader is Governor Josiah Bartlett.  The new Governor of North Carolina is Richard Dobbs Spaight.  William Floyd is retiring as he is being pressured out.  Daniel Boone dies of the plague.  Michael Leib dies in a house fire.  Samuel Livermore dies of smallpox.  Senator William Williams dies after falling from his horse.  Charles Biddle is announced as his replacement.  Oliver Wolcott Sr dies of natural causes.  James Otis Jr is retiring as he is being pressured out.  Richard Morris is retiring as he is disillusioned with politics.  Senator William Bradford dies of tuberculosis.  He is replaced by Elisia Mathewson which flips Senate to 15 Anti-Federalist Patriots and 13 Federalist.  General Timothy Pickering dies of natural causes.  He is replaced by George Washington. 

Ambassador to Spain John E. Van Alen is heard making a cruel joke about the Spanish king and his tendency to be inbred.  The Anti-Faction Patriots are printing this “insult” up in their newspapers and relations with Spain have fallen. 

Representative Melancton Smith best days are behind him and now he is a shadow of his former self. (-1 Leg and -1 Admin).

Senator William Maclay has been spending lots of time in taverns to get in touch with undereducated voters.  He has adopted their lingo and their ideas and prejudices.  He is making a concerted effort to appeal to nostalgia, populism, and an idealized tradition.

Speaker of the House Richard Henry Lee has been showing great leadership over the last month.  It is being reported that Senator John Taylor, James Garrard, and Governor John Clymer have adopted his hand gestures, lingo, and are attempting to style themselves similar to Lee. 

Charles Wilson Peale has opened up a natural museum to showcase specimens of natural history many of them are involving taxidermy, which he personally did himself.

Judge Jesse Fell of Pennsylvania has figured out a way to burn anthracite coal to use for fuel.  This could be the type of efficient fuel that a future American railway system could use.

A clear party has been formed around the desire to restrict a stronger, centralized government.  The name being associated with this group is the Republicans, but many are calling them the Democratic-Republicans.  They are adhering to the philosophy of Senator Thomas Jefferson and others of Virginia and are considered to be aiming for an America that is an Agrarian empire. 

A magazine called Old Farmer’s Almanac is beginning to be published.  It is a  descendent of the late Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard’s Almanac and is quite popular as well as encouraging some good practices for farming and planting.  It is also very accurate in predicting the weather.

News from across the waters is that the British Parliament has levied a tax on income to pay for military expenditures.  While this is an effective way to fill a government’s treasury, the current size of our government and our military does not yet require such taxation.  No doubt, this day will come but not today.

While unregulated stocks have been common in London for generations, the new London Stock Exchange will formally regulate the stocks. It is possible that this new institution will help stabilize economic ties in the English-speaking world.

The lumber industry is booming in Vermont. 

The Governors of Connecticut, Vermont and North Carolina came around and voted for the Bill of Rights which means all the states have approved of them now.  Not that it mattered since they were officially passed 2 years ago but it is nice to know that all states agree on basic rights. 

The Governor of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Virginia have voted for the 11th Amendment meaning that 8 of the 10 states needed have voted for it. 

Governor Moves: Arthur Fenner of Rhode Island lowers taxes in the state.  Moses Robinson of Vermont has opened up the remaining native American lands in his state for settlement. Josiah Bartlett of New Hampshire is advocating military service.  John Clymer of Maryland is opening up the remaining native American lands in his state for settlement.  William Paterson of New Jersey has opened up the remaining Native American lands in the state for settlement. Governor Samuel Huntington of Connecticut has also opened up the remaining Native American lands in the state for settlement.  William Cushing of Massachusetts has also opened up the remaining Native American lands in the state for settlement. Gunning Bedford Jr of Delaware is lowing taxes in his state.

 

The Supreme Court actually had a case in front of it this time around.

Georgia v. Bralisford.  Question in front of the court: Can a state sue in the Supreme Court?

Yay: 4 (James Wilson, Thomas Johnson, John Blair Jr, John Pickering)

Nay: 1 (Theodore Sedgwick)

Decision is that a state can sue in the Supreme Court (Historical)  

No Foreign Diplomacy this round

A large force of warriors attack Fort Recovery in the Northwest Territory.  The fort is currently held by General Washington.  He suffers some losses but maintains control of the fort and there is seen by the government that the Western Confederacy is splitting even more than it has been so General Washington is ordered to press further into the Northwest Territory.

 President Adams signs the following bills: 1st Lee-Langdon Act to create Minister to the UK,

Naturalization Act of 1796, Lee Act to establish Kentucky, 2nd Lee-Langdon Act to establish Tennessee, Christie-Whipple Congress Act establishing the Library of Congress and the filibuster, Rush Cabinet Act allowing the President to fire members of the cabinet, and Strong Direct Tax on Slaves Act.

The new Minister to the UK is: Samuel Osgood

President John Adams does following Executive Actions:

1)     Declare a day of Thanksgiving.

2)     Sets Precedence of State of the Union Address.

3)     Pledges to only serve one term and not run for reelection in 1796.

4)     Gives Major Speech to help pass Fugitive Slave Act in next session of Congress but speech fails to impress the Congress.

5)     Goes on tour of the port cities of the United States.

John Adams appoints, and the Senate approves Oliver Ellsworth as the new Chief Justice

 

1796 Presidential Election: Democratic Republicans win!  Speaker of the House Richard Henry Lee is elected President and Senator George Clinton is elected Vice President.

Governor Election Results: Democratic Republicans control 11 state houses to the Federalists controlling 5.

Representatives Election Results:  Democratic Republicans control 59 seats to the Federalists 47.

Senate Appointment Results: Democratic Republicans control 22 seats and the Federalists control 10 seats. 

 

President John Adams has announced that after the inauguration of Richard Henry Lee he will retire to allow a new generation to enter politics.

Thomas Heyward Jr is retiring to become a lobbyist for Big Agriculture

Alexander McDougall is retiring to take a private sector job.

John Williston is retiring as he is satisfied with the work he has done and wishes to consider other things while he still can.

 William Hindman is retiring for reasons of personal health.

 Elias Boudinot is retiring to become a lobbyist for Law and Order.

 Melancton Smith is retiring to take a job as a surveyor on the new Cumberland Road.

 Theodorick Bland is retiring to start a hospital in Fredericksburg, Virgina. 

 

 

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  • 2 weeks later...

1796-1798 Summery:

 

Interesting picks from 1796 Draft:

B1: DeWitt Clinton (Private Track)

B2: William Johnson (State Judicial Track)

B3: Thomas Mann Randolph Jr (Backroom Politics)

B4: Benjamin Franklin Bache (State Admin Track)

B5: William Clark (Military Track)

R1: Philip J. Schuyler (Backroom Politics)

R2: William Cranch (State Admin Track)

R3: Pierre Derbigny (State Exec Track)

R4: Charles Adams (State Admin Track)

R5: James Wadsworth (State Admin Track)

William Plumer of Moderate Federalists flips to Republicans.

Richard Bassett of Scott Federalists flips to Republicans.

Thomas Bee of Arch-Federalists flips to Moderates.

Senator Charles Biddle moves from Scott Federalists to Finance Federalists

Kingmakers: Aaron Kitchell takes on Joseph McIlvaine as his protégée.  Joseph gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in transportation, interest in expansionist, and becomes a debater.  Peter Muhlenberg takes on William Johnson as his protegee.  Johnson gets +1 Command, +1 Gov,  expertise in healthcare, is an expansionist.  President Richard Henry Lee takes on John Nicholas as his protegee.  Nicholas gets +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in healthcare, is an expansionist, and is manipulative.  Joseph Bradly Varnum takes on Henry Dearborn as his protegee.  Dearborn gets +1 Command, +1 Judicial, expertise in agriculture, and is a debater.  Thomas Hartley takes on Tench Coxe as his protegee.  Coxe gets +1 Command, +1 Leg, expertise in healthcare, and is an expansionist. Stephen Girard takes on William Tilghman as his protegee.  Tilghman gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in media, is an expansionist, and is efficient.  Joseph Habersham takes on George Walton as his protegee.  Walton gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in energy,  is a nationalist, and is an egghead.  Representative Benjamin Lincoln takes Benjamin Goodhue as his protegee.  Goodhue gets +1 Command, +1 Military and has expertise in technology.       

Benjamin Lincoln is chosen as Speaker of the House (after some Democratic Republicans flip for him).  As a result, Lincoln agrees to utilize many Democratic Republicans as his chairs.  He chooses Peter Muhlenberg as Domestic, John Patten as Foreign/Military, Samuel Smith as Economic, and Richard Stockton (the sole Federalist) as Judicial. 

Thomas Jefferson is easily chosen as President Pro Tempore of the Senate.  In a spirit of compromise, he chooses John Langdon as Domestic Chair, William Samuel Johnson as Foreign/Military Chair, Benjamin Howland as Economic Chair and William Maclay as Judicial Chair.

Faction Leader Changes: This was like the Saturday Night Massacre!  Although there is a chance that Hugh Williamson could have lost control of his faction, he manages to hold on at this point.  He does embrace reform and he does become a kingmaker.  Williamson changes the name of his faction to Democrats.  Representative Peter Muhlenberg does lose control over his faction.  Governor Elbridge Gerry takes control of the faction in his place.  Gerry loses obscure and gains leadership.  Gerry now has an expert in foreign affairs and is an egghead.  However, he is also pliable.  Governor John Dickinson loses control of his faction and Christopher Greenup takes control in his place.  Greenup earns leadership and also gets +1 Leg and +1 Admin.  President Richard Henry Lee holds onto his faction.  Lee has been studying trade and is becoming a better governor.  Lee also has lost his old manipulative traits and has become predictable instead.  President Pro Tempore Senate Thomas Jefferson has lost his faction and is replaced by Governor Charles Scott.  Perhaps one day Scott will become President as he has earned +1 Command.  Archibald Bulloch has become an expansionist.  Associate Justice James Wilson is spreading whispers that he may be interested in running for President in 1800.  Thomas Scott is becoming a better legislature but at the same time he is becoming uncharismatic.  The new leader of the Arch-Federalists now that Ex-President John Adams has retired is Joseph Habersham.  Speaker of the House Benjamin Lincoln continues to lead the conservatives. 

 

Federalist Party Leader: Associate Justice James Wilson

Democratic Party Leader: President Richard Henry Lee

 President Richard Henry Lee retains Benjamin Rush as Secretary of State and George Clymer as President of the Bank of the US. He also retains Daniel Morgan as Senior General and John Berry as Senior Admiral. 

 

He appoints the following new people to his cabinet:

Secretary of the Treasury: Jonathan Ingersoll  

Secretary of War: Robert R. Livingston

Attorney General: Edmund Randolph

Minister to the UK: William Smith

Minister to France: Peter Gansevoort (cannot currently take station because of hostile relations with France)

Minister to Spain: Matthew Lyon

The Senate confirms all the above.

Retirements and Deaths: Representative George Bryan will retire after the next election for personal health reasons.  Faction Leader Hugh Willamson dies in a carriage accident.  Governor Arthur Fenner takes over the Democrats.  Thomas Barbour retires as he is disillusioned with politics. Senator James Clinton will retire in 1800 as he believes he is being pressured out.  Jeremiah Van Rennselaer dies of tuberculosis.  Representative John Tyler Sr dies of dysentery leaving an orphan of his 8-year-old son!  He is replaced in Congress by William B. Giles.  Button Gwinnett is retiring after being forced out for refusing to fight a duel.  Richard Adams Jr dies of pneumonia.  Artemus Ward is retiring to become a lobbyist for Free Trade.  James Armstrong is retiring to take a private sector job as a trader.  Benjamin Huntington dies of tuberculosis.  Governor Samuel Huntington of Connecticut dies of yellow fever.  As he lies dying he appoints John Cotton Smith to succeed him.  Philip Schuyler retires for family reasons.  Governor Samuel Johnston dies of pneumonia.  James Turner is selected in his place.  Alexander Scammell dies in a house fire. 

He may be new but Charles Willing Byrd is turning into an efficiency wizard.  He has been known to handle almost any issue he comes across like it is child’s play. 

 John Taliaferro unfortunately may look like a politician, but he only has the personality to be an appointed officer someday. 

 President Richard Henry Lee is pleased that Senator John Taylor is representing the Democratic-Republican Party in the Senate, and it is possible that one day he could run for Governor or even President. 

 Even though the tax was on slaves, and Pennsylvania does not have slaves, a large group of farmers from the state are resisting all federal taxes and marching on local towns to free incarcerated tax resisters.  Support for the rebellion is mixed, those that oppose taxes are mostly supporting the rebellion while others are opposing the rebellion because of the violence or because they simply fear the German speakers.  The President must decide what to do since either way he alienates someone.  President Lee made it clear this is a no-brainer as he is a slave owner he is calling on Congress to repeal the direct tax on slaves in the next session.

The publications of The Prelude by William Wordsworth and The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge open the door to a more innovative kind of English poetry. Their influence will likely find their way to our poets.

British diplomat William Grenville is receptive to terms to avert another war and to strengthen ties with our future mother country. We can expect that the British will vacate forts in US territory in exchange for us taking part in an anti-French maritime policy. We will also gain limited trade rights in the British West Indies in exchange for us granting Britain "Most Favored Nation" trading status. Most economists and merchants, and those fearing a new war against Great Britain, support this treaty. However, those wishing to hold on to our old French alliance, or who believe the treaty tilts in favor of Britain, or who are outraged that the treaty will not guarantee an end of British impressment of US sailors are livid with the idea of this treaty. We can't avoid upsetting some of our citizens, whatever we do, but we could avoid a war, even if the treaty appears to be lopsided.

After meeting with his Cabinet, President Lee decided to sign the treaty even though it was an insult to the French and possibly to Revolutionary war Veterans.  He states to Congress that he is doing this even though it may hurt the Democratic-Republican Party in the midterm elections because he does not want to see another devasting war with Great Britain in his time and that by signing this treaty the country will be able to settle in the northwest gaining future states. 

Leading Industries: Vermont is leading the nation in agriculture, New Jersey is leading the nation in finance, Connecticut, Massachussts, Maryland, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island is where Manufacturing is centered in the nation; Delaware is the center of maritime activity in the nation and South Carolina is the center of slavery in the nation. 

Connecticut, South Carolina, and Tennessee passed the 11th Amendment.  Only 1 more state is needed to make this a law. 

Governor Actions: Arthur Fenner of Rhode Island passes a law that the Governor must be 30 years old to run and cannot be older than 60.  Governor John Dickinson of Delaware is advocating military service

 

Supreme Court:  After 10 years, Associate Justice’s John Blair Jr, John Pickering, and Theodore Sedgwick have all shifted from Conservative to Moderate meaning that except for the liberal Chief Justice the court is moderate!  Besides that, the court announces that no cases that have risen this far are worth their notice! 

Congress passes following laws this session: Fugitive Slave Act of 1798, Lincoln Navy Act, Alien and Sedition Act, Lincoln-Jefferson Marine Corps Act, Ingersoll Tariff and Nonintercourse Act of 1798.

Minister to the UK William Smith takes a loan from the British crown. 

Minister to Spain Matthew Lyon improves relations with Spain.

 

General Casmir Pulaski leads the American Army to a major victory against the Northwest Indian Confederation at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.  Shortly afterwards the confederation sues for peace.

Minister to the UK William Smith comes back across to the United States and meets with Minister to France Peter Gansevoort and President Richard Henry Lee at Fort Greenville sign the Treaty of Greenville with the Northwest Indian Confederation leaders.  At the end of the treaty signing, President Lee makes a comment about the French, which is overheard and reported back to them, but the French decide to ignore the comment at this time. 

President Richard Henry Lee signs the following bills: Fugitive Slave Act of 1798, Lincoln Navy Act, Alien Act, Lincoln-Jefferson Marine Corps Act, and Ingersoll Tariff.

 President Lee veto’s Nonintercourse Act of 1798.

 The new Secretary of the Navy is: Senator James Sullivan of Massachusetts. 

The Senate votes him in easily.

The new Senator from Massachussts is: William Eustis

 US House votes to override veto of Nonintercourse Act of 1798.

US Senate votes to override veto of Nonintercourse Act of 1798 which now becomes law over President Lee’s objection.   

President Lee’s Executive Actions: President Lee will be doing the following:

1) Announce a abolish National Debt Policy

2) Proclaim a day of Thanksgiving (they sure like to do this)

3) Uses his office to give faith-based speeches around the US

4) Tours the Plantation South

5) Tours the farmlands of America.

Supreme Court Nomination: John Blair Jr announces to President Lee that wishes to leave the court. President Richard Henry Lee appoints, and the Senate easily confirms Benjamin Taliaferro. 

Governor Election Results: Federalists end up with 10 seats and Democratic Republicans end up with 6 seats. 

House Election Results: Extremely close election but the result is 54 Federalist and 52 Democratic-Republicans. 

Senate Appointment Results: Democratic-Republicans still control the Senate 20 to the Federalists 12. 

Peter Muhlenberg has retired from politics to take a job as a pastor at a church in Charleston, South Carolina. 

John Dickinson is retiring from politics to take a job as a lobbyist with Big Agriculture.

John Patten is retiring from politics as he is disillusioned with everything.

 

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1800 Election:

Democratic-Republican George Clinton wins Presidency.  The VP however is thrown into the Senate to decide between Federalist Benjamin Ogle and Federalist Andrew Adams.  They vote and decide on Benjamin Ogle as the new Vice President.

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1798-1800 Summary: 

 

Relocations: William Blount moves from North Carolina to Tennessee, Cyrus Griffin moves from Virginia to Tennessee, George Clinton Jr moves from New York to Tennessee, John Clymer moves from Maryland to Pennsylvania, Samuel Maclay moves from Pennsylvania to Tennessee

 

Ideology Shifts: Congressman Daniel Heister of Pennsylvania moves from moderate to conservative, William Few of Georgia moves from Conservative to Traditional,  Joseph Bradley Varnum of Massachusetts moves from moderate to conservative, Senator William Maclay of Pennsylvania moves from Traditional to Conservative, Representative Ceaser Rodney moves from moderate to Conservative, John Rutledge of Georgia moves from Conservative to Traditional, Congressman Andrew Adams of Connecticut moves from Moderate to Conservative, Richard Butler of North Carolina becomes a Conservative.

 

Disgruntled Ideology: Richard Dobbs Spaight of North Carolina flips from Blue 2 to Red 4.  Thomas Newton Jr of Virginia flips from Blue 2 to Red 4.  Return J Meigs Jr of Ohio flips from Blue 4 to Red 3.  Charles Willing Byrd of Ohio flips from Blue 4 to Red 4.  John F. Mercher of Maryland flips from Blue 5 to Red 2.  John Hunter of South Carolina flips from Red 2 to Blue 3.  Governor John Henry of Maryland flips from Red 3 to Blue 2. 

 

No Party flips.

 

Faction flips: Governor Arthur Fenner of Democrats steals Attorney General Edmund Randolph from the Moderates.  Elbridge Gerry of the Democratic-Republicans steals Congressman John Sevier of the Republicans. 

 

Kingmaker: David Bard becomes kingmaker to Representative Hugh Glasgow.  Hugh gets +1 Command, +1 Leg, expertise in healthcare, becomes an expansionist, and becomes manipulative.  Andrew Gregg becomes kingmaker to William Temple Franklin.  Franklin gets +1 in command, +1 in governing, expertise in agriculture, and he becomes an expansionist.  Stephen Girard gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in housing, and he is efficient.  John Hoskins Stone takes Benjamin Ogle as his protégée.  Ogle gets +1 in Command, +1 in Admin, expertise in justice. 

 

Speaker of the House race: Nathaniel Gorman of Vermont wins the office of Speaker of the House in the 3rd round of voting.  He decided to divide the chairs between the parties.  As such he chooses Federalist Andrew Adams of Connecticut as Domestic Chair, Federalist Egbert Benson of New York as Foreign/Military Chair, Democratic-Republican Samuel Smith of Maryland as Economic Chair, and Democratic-Republican Daniel Heister of Pennsylvania as Judicial Chair. 

 

President Pro Tempore of the Senate race:  John Langdon easily wins the office in the 1st round of voting despite the Democratic-Republicans holding more seats.  Whispers state that John has made some sort of secret deal to take the position once again.  Langdon appoints Federalist Jonathan Elmer as Domestic Chair, Federalist William Samuel Johnson as Foreign/Military Chair, and Federalist Jacob Read as Economic Chair.  The only Democratic-Republican chair is Benjamin Howland. 

 

Faction Leader Changes: Governor Arthur Fenner loses obscure, gains leadership, gets +1 Command.  Elbridge Gerry survives a bid to oust him as leader of the Democratic-Republicans.  He earns +1 Gov.  President Richard Henry Lee gets +1 gov and is showing his age by beginning to become incoherent.  Governor Charles Scott earns +1 Command.  Archibald Bulloch survives an attempt to oust him as leader of the Finance Federalists.  He loses obscure during the fight as he takes it to the newspapers, but it is noted he is becoming passive as he gets older.  He changes the name of the faction to the Moralist Federalists. Associate Justice James Wilson has embraced expansionism as a creed.  However, it is noted he no longer bothers to debate in court and is becoming known for his predictable moves and votes.  Thomas Scott is removed as head of the new Finance Federalists and replaced by John Jay.  Jay earns +1 Gov making him think he should consider moving out of New York so he can run for Governor again someplace else.  Benjamin Ogle is now the leader of the Arch-Federalists taking it from Joseph Habersham.  Ogle is showing true leadership.  Benjamin Lincoln is now an expansionist. 

Party Leaders: President Richard Henry Lee remains head of the Democratic-Republican party.  Benjamin Ogle becomes head of the Federalist Party.

 

 Presidential Cabinet: President Richard Henry Lee is keeping Benjamin Rush as Secretary of State, Jonathan Ingersoll as Secretary of the Treasury, Robert R. Livingston as Secretary of War, Edmund Randolph as Attorney General and Matthew Lyon as Minister to Spain. He will also keep George Clymer as President of the Bank of the US and Ebenezer Hazard as his Key Advisor both of the latter not people he has to bring in front of the Senate. He has asked the Senate, and the Senate has confirmed the following.

 

Secretary of the Navy: Thomas Jefferson

Minister to the UK: James Madison

Minister to France: Stephen Girard

 

Jonathan Grout retires for unknown reasons.

 

Thomas Paine retires to allow a new generation to enter politics.

 

John Smilie dies of the plague.

 

Ethen Allen dies of dysentery.

 

Congressman John Ashe is retiring in 1800 to take a job teaching at Harvard College.

 

Congressman Patrick Henry is retiring in 1800 as his wife wishes for him to retire to his plantation.

 

Timothy Bloodworth dies of yellow fever.

 

Isaac Roosevelt I retires to allow a new generation to enter politics.

 

Abraham Whipple retires for personal health reasons.

 

Senator Robert Treat Paine dies of dysentery.  John Quincy Adams replaces him as the new Senator and thus a career begins. 

 

General George Washington is retiring satisfied with the work he has done and wanting to consider other things.  Secretary of War Robert R. Livingston appoints Representative James Garrard to the post.  Governor Charles Scott appoints Gabrial Slaughter to Congress. 

 

Richard Stockton dies of yellow fever.

 

Faction Leader Benjamin Lincoln dies of pneumonia. Benjamin Goodhue is elected the new faction leader.

 

It appears that John Houston has developed into quite a rigid politician.  He is taking on every duty and is often looking over the shoulders of everyone.  While this can be helpful if he has an incompetent subordinate, it is certainly going to aggravate the more competent underlings.

 

It is certainly lucky that Representative Gabriel Slaughter is representing the Old Republicans on the foreign/military committee.  Although he is young rumors are saying that he may be positioning himself for a Senate seat or even VP one day. 

 

There have been trade issues with Great Britian recently as they have once again started to stop our ships and impress our sailors. 

 

Now that the Northwest Indian War is over, there is talk that Senior General Daniel Morgan is positioning himself for VP or even President.

 

Admiral John Paul Jones has recently taken some time to study military strategy, innovations, and theory. 

 

Secretary of State Benjamin Rush has been telling others that he thinks he can be President of the United States.

 

Eli Whitney, a gentlemen from Connecticut, has invented a cotton gin that is clearly transforming the cotton industry in the South. Cotton production and exports is skyrocketing. Some had hoped the invention might curtail slavery, a system which seemed to be on the decline, but this invention is actually making slavery much more sustainable, highly profitable even.

 

Kentucky Whiskey, made mostly by Scots Irish pioneers in Kentucky, has become widely popular throughout the country and even in Europe.

 

Spanish Sec of State Don Manuel de Godoy is receptive to terms to strengthen their relationship with us, define our Southern and Western borders, and to define navigational rights. We are pleased to know that the Spanish seem receptive to allowing equal navigation rights to the Mississippi River. Additionally, the Spanish hope that we can reach an agreement to not incite native tribes against one another and to agree that we will protect each other's merchant vessels from other nations. Other trade terms between nations are likely to be included. Some may despise this treaty as it may hinder any expansion, if Spain maintains strength maintains its Empire, although it seems their star is rapidly fading.  President Richard Henry Lee has agreed to sign the treaty to establish borders.  Unfortunately, President Lee starts by signing on the wrong line and he is becoming known as incompetent.

 

Spain has ceded Sante Domingo to France.

 

Georgia is struggling under harsh conditions in the state. 

 

Delaware, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania all vote for 11th Amendment making it officially part of the Constitution.  Massachussts and Kentucky still can vote yay in the future.      

 

Leading Industries: Vermont continues to lead the nation in Agriculture.  New Jersey continues to be the center of finance in the United States.  Connecticut, Massachussts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island are the maritime states all tied together.  South Carolina continues to be the center of plantations in the US. 

 

Governor Actions: Governor John Cotton Smith of Connecticut improves maritime in his state.  Governor Joshua Clayton of Delaware is advocating military service.  Governor John Henry of Maryland is advocating military service.  Governor Josiah Bartlett of New Hampshire has passed a law calling for 4-year terms. Governor John Van Alen of New York is starting a program of building roads, bridges, and canals in the state.

 

The Supreme Court decides not to hear any major cases this term.

 

Bills passed by Congress this Term:

Rush Federal Aid and Marine Service Act

Gorham Mississippi and Indiana Territory Act

Alien Enemies Act

Public Land Act of 1800

Ingersoll Tarriff Act

Foreign Relations: Secretary of State Benjamin Rush asked the following of the US Ministers:

Minister to Great Britian James Madison: Increase Trade relations.  Madison goes to see King George II and Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger and this is agreed to!  Unfortunately, the budget is not affected. 

Minister to France Stephen Girard: Improve relations with the Directory.  However, when Girard goes to his appointment he is told that they are busy with other matters and to come back some other time.

Minister to Spain Matthew Lyon: Increase trade relations.  Lyon makes an appointment with Charles IV but at the last minute the appointment is canceled as it is good hunting weather for the king.

President Richard Henry Lee signs the following bills: Rush Federal Aid and Marine Service Act, Gorham Mississippi and Indiana Territory Act, Alien Enemies Act, Public Land Act of 1800, and Ingersoll Tarriff Act.

 President Richard Henry Lee does the following Executive Actions:

1) Strictly enforce Fugitive Slave Law which he messes up when it is seen that he is publicly beating one of his slaves that escaped.

2) Proclaims a day of Thanksgiving

3) Tours the Plantation South

4) Declares a Pro-States Right Policy

5) Tours Agriculture States  

1804 Presidential Election: Democratic-Republican George Clinton wins Presidency.  The VP, however, is thrown into the Senate to decide between Federalist Benjamin Ogle and Federalist Andrew Adams.  They vote and decide on Benjamin Ogle as the new Vice President.

Governor Election Results: The Federalists control 9 state houses and the Democratic-Republicans control 7. 

 

House Election Results: The Federalists dominate the election and will hold a strong majority of 63 to 43 for the Democratic-Republicans.

 

Senate Appointment Results: The Democratic-Republicans barley hold onto a majority with 17 seats compared to 15 for the Federalists. 

 

John Barcley of Pennsylvania decides to retire from politics to take a job as president of the University of Pennsylvania.

 

Thomas Pinckney is being pressured out of politics for losing the South Carolina governor race.

 

Egbert Benson has been pressured out of politics because of his failure to maintain his house seat.

 

Levi Lincoln Sr is retiring because of rumors he was involved in a land scandal in Georgia.

 

Theodore Foster is retiring for reasons of personal health.

 

President of the Bank of the United States George Clymer has announced his retirement as he is satisfied with the work he has done.

 

James Madison Sr has retired to become a trustee of the College of William and Mary.

 

Score at end of Era of Federalists: Moderate Federalists won this round with 12,550.  They are also the current leaders of the playtest.   

 

 

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1800-1802 Summary 

Interesting 1800 Draft Picks:

B1: William Wirt (State Admin Track)

B2: Meriwether Lewis (State Admin Track) *Not sure how long he will stay in this track*

B3: Calvin Fillmore (Military Track)

B4: William H. Crawford (State Leg Track)

B5: Benjamin Tappen (State Judicial Track)

R1: Thomas Boylston Adams (State Judicial Track)

R2: Jacob Brown (Backroom Politics Track)

R3: Issac Hull (Military Track)

R4: John Rogers (Military Track)

R5: William Henry Harrison (Military Track)

 

Interesting Graduation from Career Track:

B1: DeWitt Clinton is overeager and comes off private track after 4 years. He earns +1 Admin and an expertise in healthcare. 

B2: George Rogers Clark graduates from military track with +5 Military along with leadership and controversial (from falling in love with a Native American). 

B3: Stephen R. Bradley graduates from state admin track with +3 Admin, egghead, interest in civil rights, +1 Gov and Crisis Administrator.

B5: Henry Dearborn graduates from military track with +5 Military along with leadership. 

R1: John Eager Howard graduates from private track with +4 Gov and expertise in healthcare and education.

R2: Josiah Harmer graduates from military track with +5 Military, leadership and +1 Admin.

R3: Uriah Tracy comes off State Leg track with +5 Leg, welfare expert, is a nationalist, debate, and propaganda. 

R4: John Marshall graduates from State Judicial track with +5 Judicial, is an expansionist, and is a puritan. 

R5: Rufus King graduates from State Exec Track with +4 Gov, +2 Leg, charisma, is an expansionist, expertise in trade and education, and +1 Command. 


Ideology Shifts:

B2: Elbridge Gerry tries to change from Mod to Cons but fails.  He earns two-faced. Benjamin Guerard moves from Con to Trad and earns flip flopper. Senator Paul Brigham changes from Mod to Cons and earns flip flopper.

R1: Senator John Quincy Adams changes from Lib to Mod and earns flip flopper.   

 

Political Conversions: None

 

Kingmaker:

B1: DeWitt Clinton takes Smith Thompson as protage.  Thompson gets +1 Command, +1 Gov, expertise in science, interest in civil rights, and is efficient.

B2: Ebenezer Hazard takes on Joseph Heister as protage.  Heister gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in environment, interest in civil rights, and is an egghead.

B3: Matthew Clay takes on James Monroe as protage.  Monroe gets +2 Command, expertise in energy and science, interest in civil rights and nationalist, and is a debater.

B4: Thomas Clairborne takes on William H. Cabell as protage.  Cabell gets +1 Command, +1 Leg, expertise in education, is a nationalist, and is manipulative.  

B5: Andrew Gregg takes Mahlon Dickerson as protage.  Dickerson gets +1 Command, +1 Leg, expertise in business, and is a nationalist.

R1: Thomas Hartley takes on John Quincy Adams as protage.  Adams gets +1 Command, +1 Military, expertise in Agriculture, and is now a pacifist.

R2: Stephen Girard takes on Joseph Hopkinson as protage.  Hopkinson gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in education, is a nationalist, and is now efficient.

R4: Thomas Mifflin takes on William Bainbridge as protage. Bainbridge gets +1 Command, +1 Admin, expertise in technology, is a pacifist, and has learned how to debate.

R5: Benjamin Goodhue takes on Christopher Gore as protage. Gore gets +1 Command, +1 Military, expertise in Justice, is now a Right-Wing Activist, and is now an egghead.

 

 Nathaniel Gorman is defeated for another term as Speaker of the House.  He is replaced by Ex-President Richard Henry Lee.  Lee chooses the following as his chairs: Carter Braxton as Domestic, Caesar Rodney as Foreign/Military, John Edwards as Economic, and John Page as Judicial.  This angers many Federalists as they control the House and yet Lee only gave them 1 chair. 

Alexander Hamilton is elected President Pro Tempore of the Senate. He chooses Benjamin Howland as Domestic Chair, William Samuel Johnson as Foreign/Military, Thomas Tudor Tucker as Economic, and Jonathan Elmer as Judicial neatly dividing the chairs two for each party.

 Faction Leader Changes: Governor Arthur Fenner continues to be head of his faction now known as the Fenner Republicans.  He is now manipulative as well as being an everyman.  President George Clinton of course leads the Democrat-Republican faction, and he is now showing leadership to one and all.  Christopher Greenup will continue to lead the Moderates.  He has improved his administration ability but as he gets older he has become a puritan and easily overwhelmed.  Despite being Speaker of the House, Ex-President Richard Henry Lee has been removed as head of the Republicans.  He has been replaced by Senator Thomas Tudor Tucker.  Tucker is now unlikable.  Governor Charles Scott continues to lead the Old Republicans.  Scott has taken the time to study the law and is now an expert in justice.  Scott is also offering himself as a future VP or even President.  Archibald Bulloch continues to be in charge of Moralist Federalists but is now showing signs of being uncharismatic.  Associate Justice James Wilson continues to run the Moderate Federalists. Although he may never again be in Congress he has improved his legislative skill, and he is now a puritan.  John Jay continues to lead his faction now known as the Jay Federalists.  He is now manipulative but at the same time likeable.  Vice President Benjamin Ogle is still the leader of the Arch-Federalists.  Finally, the Conservatives are no longer led by Benjamin Goodhue and instead they are led by Representative Edward Rutledge.  He is no longer obscure and is an expansionist.

 

Democratic-Republican Party Leader: President George Clinton

Federalist Party Leader: Vice President Benjamin Ogle

 

President Clinton’s Cabinet:

Secretary of State: Henry Knox

Secretary of the Treasury: Ebenezer Hazard

Secretary of War: Robert R. Livingston (retained)

Attorney General: Edmund Randolph (retained)

Secretary of the Navy: William Eustis

President of the Bank of the US: Albert Gallatin

Minister to the UK: Thomas Jefferson

Minister to France: John Jay

Minister to Spain: Matthew Lyon (retained)

Senior General: Anthony Wayne

Senior Admiral: John Barry (retained but does not count)

General: John Twiggs

 

Replacement Senator for Massachusetts:  Elbridge Gerry

 

Senator John A. Treutlen has announced he will retire in 1804 as he is disillusioned with politics.

 

William Montgomery has died of malaria.

 

Benjamin Guerard has retired for unknown reasons.

 

John Lambert dies of dropsy

 

Governor Josiah Bartlett will retire in 1802 satisfied with the work he has done.

 

Edward Telfair has died of unknown causes

 

Ezra Butler dies of dropsy.

 

William Maclay dies of dysentery.

 

Henry Lee II is retiring to go back to full time planting.

 

John Blair Jr has died of malaria.

 

Associate Justice James Wilson has died while riding the circuit when he was struck by lightning.  Governor Caleb Strong has taken over the Moderate Federalists.

 

Representative Andrew Adams will retire in 1802 to take a job in the science field. 

 

Representative Caesar Rodney has died of facial cancer. Thomas Cooper has been appointed to his seat.  Amasa Learned has been appointed to take Rodeny’s place as chair of Foreign Affairs/Military. 

 

George Read has died of malaria. 

 

Robert Morris has retired satisfied with the work he has done and wanting to consider other things.

 

Representative Tristram Dalton will retire in 1802 to start his own newspaper.

 

John Sullivan has died of malaria. 

 

A category 5 hurricane has hit the shores of North Carolina, causing death and destruction from high winds and flooding. President George Clinton has decided to refrain from sending disaster relief to the state!  Governor James Turner has also turned his back on his own people taking a page from the president and refusing to send aid! 

Thomas Veazey is getting some people in the state of Maryland to really like him.  This bodes well as he continues to grow in the State Executive Track, perhaps one day he can become Lt. General of Maryland?

President George Clinton slipped and fell in his bathtub.  He has recovered but is still walking with a cane.  Despite Vice President Benjamin Ogle letting Clinton know he is ready to step in, Clinton has let it be known that he will not resign at this point.

However, a major scandal has erupted due to revelations that before Vermont became a state, Governor of New York George Clinton was trying to keep this from happening by bribing people in New York to go to Vermont territory and buy up land then vote against the territory becoming a state!  With a house of representatives threatening to impeach him, he has resigned, and Benjamin Ogle has become acting president! 

David Daggett has made a major speech praising President Benjamin Ogle and people are talking about him running for something in 1802.

Charles Caroll of Carrollton has been seen working on his administration skills hoping that perhaps he could cap his storied career in the cabinet.

Secretary of State Henry Knox has been preparing himself to become either VP or President someday it seems.

Representative Shearjashub Bourne has also announced to the Federalists that he would not mind being a VP if not President someday. 

Speaker of the House Richard Henry Lee recently made some controversial remarks stating that King George III was crazy and needed to resign!

Shortly after he took office from the disgraced Ex-President Clinton, President Ogle was approached by Spain with an opportunity to purchase Spanish Florida.  Spain let it be known that it could not afford to send settlers or defend those already there.  Taking this issue to the cabinet, it was stated that if the US does not take this opportunity to buy Florida, Great Britain or France might step in and conquer the territory.  President Ogle agreed to sign the treaty and although there were some issues over seating arrangements the treaty was signed, and Florida is now a territory of our great country. 

There has been an uptick in the number of piracy-based crimes in the Caribbean, generally involving smuggling.  However, recently pirates have attacked and captured three merchant fleets.  President Ogle has decided to focus on eliminating the pirates although it has been noticed that he is starting to become easily overwhelmed and is taking lots of naps. 

There is a boom in iron ore, flour, and wheat in Maryland. 

A state calling itself Ecuador has declared independence from the much-weakened Spanish Empire. This is great news. The more the Great Powers lose influence in our hemisphere, the greater we become.

Because of the Cotton gin, cotton growth is growing in the deep south.

 New Jersey has finally abolished slavery.

The growing financial and trade industries in NYC has seen the population boom in the last few decades. NYC has now surpassed the great Philadelphia in population.

Spain has regained Sante Domingo from France

 

Industry Leaders: Vermont is still leading the nation in Agriculture,  New Jersey is still the center of the nation’s finance, Connecticut is leading the nation in maritime, South Carolina is still the center of slavery in the nation. 

 

Both MA and KY still refuse to ratify the 11th Amendment, not that it matters of course.

 

Governor Actions:  Governor Arthur Fenner of Rhode Island is improving maritime in his state.  Governor Charles Chamberlain of Tennessee has passed a two year two-term for life law. Governor Joshiah Bartlett of New Hampshire, perhaps feeling his age, has passed a law that states the governor must be between 30 and 60.  Governor Thomas Bee of South Carolina will be rigorously complying with the fugitive slave act in his state.  Thomas Ford of Massachusetts is encouraging domestic migration.  Maryland Governor Luther Martin has passed a law for property requirements to legally vote in the state.  Pennsylvania Governor William Moore is raising taxes. 

 

Supreme Court Case:

Calder v. Bull: Was the Connecticut legislation a violation of Article 1, Section 10, of the Constitution, which prohibits ex post facto laws?

Yay: Taliaferro

Nay: Ellsworth, Johnson, Pickering, Sedgewick

No votes shifted.

Final Decision 4-1 Nay. Unhistorical.

 

Bills being sent to President to sign or veto:

Gorman-Clairborne Act to establish the District of Columbia and Ohio Statehood

Military Peace Establishment Act

Early Indian Removal Act

Biddle Act to construct  canal from Chesapeake Bay to the Delaware River

Boone Harbor and Coastal Defense Act

Randolph US Flag Desecration Act

 

Secretary of State Henry Knox sent the following orders out to the Ministers to England, France, and Spain.

 

Minister to the UK Thomas Jefferson: Extend Credit.  Result: King George III was going through one of his fits and was unable to be seen.

 

Minister to France John Jay: Increase relations.  Result: Relations increased to Neutral.

 

Minister to Spain Matthew Lyon: Extend Credit.  Result: King Charles IV was busy hunting and could not be bothered to meet with Lyon.

 

President Ogle signed the following bills into law:

Gorman-Clairborne Act to establish the District of Columbia and Ohio Statehood

Military Peace Establishment Act

Early Indian Removal Act

Biddle Act to construct  canal from Chesapeake Bay to the Delaware River

Boone Harbor and Coastal Defense Act

Randolph US Flag Desecration Act

 

President Ogle’s Executive Actions:

1) Set precedence by refusing to be an acting president

2) Establish Minister to Prussia.

 

New Minister to Prussia is: Daniel Morgan, which the Senate accepts.

 

 

Supreme Court Appointments:

Thomas Johnson, who has served since 1788 has announced his retirement from the Supreme Court.  This allows President Ogle to appoint two members to the court.  He appoints to replace Johnson James Iredell and to succeed the late James Wilson he appoints John Marshall.  The senate accepts both of these men. 

 

Governor Election Results:  State Houses are being closely contested but currently Democratic-Republicans control 9 and Federalists control 8.

 

House Election Results: It was close, but the Democratic-Republicans have taken the house 83 seats to 77 seats for the Federalists.

 

Senate Appointment Result: The Senate ends up tied 17 Democratic-Republicans to 17 Federalists.  The problem is that there is no Vice President so no tie breaker! 

 

Benjamin Goodhue is retiring to become president of Harvard College.

 

John Sevier is retiring to take a position as instructor at West Point

 

Thomas Hartley is retiring satisfied with the work he has done

 

Secretary of the Treasury Ebenezer Hazard is retiring for personal health reasons.

 

Minister to Spain Matthew Lyon is retiring as he feels pressured out

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11 hours ago, Bushwa777 said:

President George Clinton slipped and fell in his bathtub.  He has recovered but is still walking with a cane.  Despite Vice President Benjamin Ogle letting Clinton know he is ready to step in, Clinton has let it be known that he will not resign at this point.

Not even surprised at this point

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