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Favorable or Unfavorable #434: Charles Evans Hughes


Favorable or Unfavorable #434: Charles Evans Hughes  

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  2. 2. Favorable or Unfavorable #434: Charles Evans Hughes

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CE Hughes (NY-R) was a moderate progressive during the Progressive Era. His narrow defeat in 1916 made him a potential frontrunner for future elections, but like Al Gore, he sort of just stayed out of later races. Aside from being a presidential nominee, he's known for leading the SC during FDR's first two terms.

Part of the reason he lost in 1916, it is believed, is because he was a wooden speaker and was somewhat a cold, distant figure when interacting with people. 

His actions:

Hughes, Charles Evans 1906 Backed strongly by Roosevelt to defeat WR Hearst in high-profile Gov of NY election
Hughes, Charles Evans 1908 Rep Cand for Pres while as Gov of NY
Hughes, Charles Evans 1910 Confirmed to SC for Taft, but was was hoping to be ChJ, took AssocJ as wanted leave governorship
Hughes, Charles Evans 1910 Speaks out against proposed income tax amd
Hughes, Charles Evans 1916 Resigns from SC upon accepting nomination for pres
Hughes, Charles Evans 1916 Rep pres nom, losing in relatively close election
Hughes, Charles Evans 1920 Declines to be pres cand b/c of daughter's recent death
Hughes, Charles Evans 1921 Confirmed Sec of State for Harding
Hughes, Charles Evans 1921 Supports League of Nations and Court of International Justice, but abides by Harding's wishes
Hughes, Charles Evans 1921 Leads DC naval conference
Hughes, Charles Evans 1923 Kept on as Sec of State by Coolidge until end of term; unscathed by Harding-era scandals
Hughes, Charles Evans 1926 Declines pressure to run against Al Smith for Gov of NY
Hughes, Charles Evans 1928 Declines to be cand for pres
Hughes, Charles Evans 1928 Appt Judge of the Permanent Court of International Justice
Hughes, Charles Evans 1929 Declines Hoover's offer to be Sec of State
Hughes, Charles Evans 1930 Confirmed ChJ of the SC for Hoover, with the urging of Taft and Att Gen Mitchell
Hughes, Charles Evans 1935 Joins liberals to uphold FDR's gold policies in Gold Clause Cases
Hughes, Charles Evans 1935 Begins to more often join conservative wing of the court to rule against the New Deal or parts of it
Hughes, Charles Evans 1935 Writes majority opinion ruling NIRA unconstitutional (Schechter Poultry Corps v US)
Hughes, Charles Evans 1936 Joins conservatives to strike down AAA as unconstitutional (US v Butler)
Hughes, Charles Evans 1937 Works behind the scenes to help defeat FDR Courtpacking bill
Hughes, Charles Evans 1937 Possibly to get FDR to drop courtpacking scheme, joins liberals to save the Wagner Act
Hughes, Charles Evans 1937 Begins siding more often with liberals, presumably to get FDR to back off courtpacking scheme
Hughes, Charles Evans 1941 Resigns as ChJ of SC, suggests elevation of Stone to ChJ
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Justice Hughes is one of my heroes from the Progressive Era. However, I think the most interesting part of his career was his dynamic with Roosevelt, although rivalries between the President and the Chief Justice is nothing new. If anyone is interested in this subject, James F Simmons has a in-depth book series that I highly recommend.

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